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Objectives To investigate what breastfeeding information is included in Australian medical program curricula and how and by whom it is taught. Method The ten Australian medical schools who have graduated students from their current programs were asked to nominate a person to complete an 11-item questionnaire. Data collected from the questionnaire included: if and where breastfeeding is located within the medical program; who teaches medical students about breastfeeding; and other opportunities medical students have to learn about breastfeeding. Results The questionnaire was completed and returned by nine of the ten nominated people, giving a response rate of 90 percent. One respondent did not know whether breastfeeding was included in the curriculum. The advantages of breastfeeding, normal breastfeeding management and breastfeedi...
Patient medical errors cause thousands of individual injuries and deaths each year. Avoidable medical errors occur every day, thus creating serious concern as to the safety, ethical and legal implications in healthcare delivery. A literature review of scholarly work indicates medical errors are underreported both at the institutional level and on the individual level. This paper attempts to explain why medical errors are underreported. It considers reporting practices from other industries that are applicable to the medical industry, the importance of reporting medical errors along with those incidents that have the potential to improve patient safety and patient quality of care, and the impact of regulatory factors on reporting. The paper concludes with a discussion and recommendations for further research to close the practice gap be...
Evaluation research is a form of applied research that scrutinises how well a particular programme, practice, procedure or policy is operating. Evaluation researchers use both quantitative and qualitative research data to construct a collective picture of the programme under evaluation.Medical educators need to provide information about a particular programme using the methods of evaluation research in order to make a decision on the potential adoption, improvements and refinements of the programme. Improving curricula and pedagogical methods using these methods may enhance health care education.We provide an overview of the methods of evaluation research in the context of medical education. We discuss the application, general methodology, methods of collecting data and analysis for each type of evaluation research.The methods of evalu...
The advent of computerized medical devices has resulted in better accuracy and increased safety for patients and clinicians, yet medical accidents are still not uncommon. With the computerized medical devices and their technical complexity, any given clinical environment is a composition of complex com- puter systems. This introduces new form of risks, not only with the usage of a single device but with the interactions of multiple devices, which increase exponentially with respect to the number of devices. Even the most advanced medical devices fail to serve their purpose if their users cannot effectively use them, or if their complexity deters the users. This thesis presents an English-like configuration language for defining device interactions rules, which makes it easier for non-programmers like clinicians and surgeons to configur...
Background: There is hardly any structured study reporting the perspective of medical students, with regard to the medical education system in Maharashtra, which is facing challenges. Aim: A perception study of students was conducted to explore the situation, challenges, and consequent solutions of medical education in Maharashtra. Settings and Design: A descriptive perception study. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was e-mailed to 92 students, and interviews with seven key-informants comprising of faculty, administrators, and policy makers were conducted, to gather qualitative insights. Results: Thirty-seven student replies were received and analyzed. The satisfaction level of student respondents for various factors was as follows: infrastructure 18/37 (48.6%), quality of teaching 14/37 (37.8%), patient population 22/...
Medical School Alumni Award Presentation. Dr. Greg Eastwood, speaker
The purpose of this report is to identify how Indiana news media professionals and Indiana health and medical professionals perceive adverse events and the regulation requiring health and medical professionals to report medical adverse events data to the state. To accomplish this goal, Purdue University researchers conducted an email survey targeting Indiana news media professionals and focus groups with Indiana health and medical professionals. Specifically, the goals of this project were to 1) identify barriers to the medical adverse events regulation and to identify solutions to those barriers, 2) to better understand how the data should be communicated to the public in order to improve patient safety, and 3) to identify the Indiana news media’s perceptions of medical adverse events.
abstractIn this thesis a study is described which was performed to explore the possibilities of computer-assisted history taking to support patient care. A system was developed by which the patient himself enters his medical data into a computer. The system enables an unexperienced user, i.e. a patient, to answer questions asked to him by an "intelligent" computerized questionnaire. In developing this system, use has been made of a fourthgeneration programming package. The system appeared to be user-friendly and was easily adaptable in the pilot phase of the study. During automated history-taking. 99 patients were presented with the medical questionnaire on the screen of a computer terminal in the form of multiple choice questions. By pressing one of several function keys, the patient could indicate his answer. His choice app...
In this paper it is presented an Agency for Integration, Archive and Diffusion of Medical Information (AIDA), which configures a data warehouse, developed using Multi-Agent technology. AIDA is like a symbiont, with a close association with core applications present at any health care facility, such as the Picture Archive Communication System, the Radiological Information System or the Electronic Medical Record Information System. Multi-Agent Systems also configure a new methodology for problem solving.
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