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Medical expenditure risk can pose a major threat to living standards. We derive decomposable measures of catastrophic medical expenditure risk from reference-dependent utility with loss aversion. We propose a quantile regression based method of estimating risk exposure from cross-section data containing information on the means of financing health payments. We estimate medical expenditure risk in seven Asian countries and find it is highest in Laos and China, and is lowest in Malaysia. Exposure to risk is generally higher for households that have less recourse to self-insurance, lower incomes, wealth and education, and suffer from chronic illness.
With the establishment of the Faculty of Medicine in 1936 need for a new building became apparent. Subsequently, the University undertook construction of the Medical School at Herston and this building was officially opened by Premier William Forgan Smith in August, 1939
Medical record privacy is an important issue of the 1990s. This NebGuide focuses on access to our medical records, the risks of inappropriate use of medical records, and what you as a health consumer can do should you face those risks. Many of us think our medical records are confidential, seen only by our doctors. The truth is, however, a number of people have access to them. The real question is whether we have true privacy of our medical records. Think of all the information in your medical records. In addition to diagnostic and testing information, they contain the details of your family history, genetic testing, history of diseases and treatments, history of drug use, sexual orientation and testing for sexually transmitted diseases.
Medical expenditure risk can pose a major threat to living standards. We derive decomposable measures of catastrophic medical expenditure risk from reference-dependent utility with loss aversion. We propose a quantile regression based method of estimating risk exposure from cross-section data containing information on the means of financing health payments. We estimate medical expenditure risk in seven Asian countries and find it is highest in Laos and China, and is lowest in Malaysia. Exposure to risk is generally higher for households that have less recourse to self-insurance, lower incomes, wealth and education, and suffer from chronic illness.
Attitudes of medical students towards patients, psychosocial factors in illness, and care-delivery have been assessed. The influence of (parts of) the medical curriculum has been studied. Students' evaluations of attitude and communication courses have been investigated. The main results were: there was no decline in students' patient-centredness, psychosocial orientation and care-orientation during their 6 years of education. Female students held slightly more humane attitudes than male students. Vocational trainees in family practice were more humane than their colleagues in surgery. The specific courses were beneficial on aspects of doctor-patient relationships and self-insight, according to the students. Research instruments consisted of attitude-questionnaires and structured evaluation forms. Measurements were cros...
This paper identifies various image analysis methodologies used in a medical environment. The paper is focused in a short number of examples published recently and covering different image analysis methodologies, used for analysis of different medical image types. The paper also illustrates how image analysis techniques are applied to a considerable variety of images of different organs or structures, from the heart to the brain or from the tongue to the foot. The paper is intended to be a diversified overview of the field, and acts as an introduction to the five papers presented in this special issue on Medical Imaging. They themselves are a good example of the diversity and potential of medical image analysis.
This qualitative research study addresses the issue of how effective pre-medical programs are in preparing students for medical practice. Students nearing completion of a pre-medical program were interviewed and observed when consulting with patients in teaching hospitals, with the focus on how they understood and carried out medical practice. The study highlights significant differences in the outcome of the pre-medical program with respect to students' understanding of medical practice. Case studies are used to illustrate these differences. The results demonstrate that reaching a diagnosis and having a firm base in knowledge about symptoms and sicknesses are important to the students' understanding of medical practice. However, there are differences in the emphasis given to these issues and, more particularly, in the extent to ...
A new world of digital diagnostic capabilities has been made possible with the recent advances in medical imaging technology. These advances promoted communication and cooperation between several distinct entities to create standards and models that can be used in the entire industry to improve the quality of the service offered to users. Despite the growing quality in digital images, they are not enough alone. That is, it is required that clinical reports, containing medical opinions about specific traits found in the obtained images, are analysed. These structured reports comprise mostly free text annotations that have not been explored yet. Therefore, the development of an environment for the management of structured reports and image annotations is a crucial step in the process of improving medical imaging technologies and services...
The Taste for Knowledge: Medical Anthropology Facing Medical Realities demonstrates how medical anthropology is becoming increasingly important in the fields of medical research and public health. The authors examine some of the major issues in medical anthropology today. In this volume, a group of international researchers reflect, for example, on: the way anthropology faces and deals with interdisciplinarity in its encounter with medicine and doctors; the new medical realities and patient strategies that exist in changing medical systems; and the interactions between practice, power and science
The following study analyzed the attitudes held by pre-clinical medical students about the Medical College Admission Test or MCAT. One hundred and eighty first-year and second-year medical students at a public Midwestern medical university participated in this study. Participants completed the “Medical Students Attitudes toward the Medical College Admission Test” survey during their morning lectures near the end of their spring semester. A composite scale score of the Likert items of the survey was computed and the proportion of students with attitudes ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree was calculated. For six of the twelve Likert items the largest proportion of participants disagreed with the statements about the MCAT and its use in the admission process and its applicability to their current medical education. Other qu...
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