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This study examines the prevalence of different types of entrepreneurs in the context of family business. In previous studies the family entrepreneurs have been seen loyal to their original firm, whereas relinquishing a firm is substantially connected to the habitual entrepreneurs. It may be one reason why these entrepreneurial dimensions have not been largely connected in previous studies. However, this does not mean that habitual entrepreneurship would not exist in family business. Thus the aim of this study is to explore the connections between habitual entrepreneurship and family business by examining, firstly, how many family entrepreneurs there are among portfolio, serial and first-time entrepreneurs, and secondly, what kinds of similarities and differences there are between habitual entrepreneurship and family business (e.g. per...
We are creatures of habit. Familiar ways of doing things in familiar contexts become automatic for us. That is to say, when we acquire a habit we can act without thinking about it at all. Habits free our minds to think about other things. Without this capacity for habitual action our daily lives would be impossible. Our minds would be crowded with innumerable mundane considerations and decisions. Habitual actions are not always mundane. Aristotle famously said that acting morally is a matter of exercising the right habits.2 For him, a lack of conscious thought is no bar on an action’s moral status. Habits are involved in our most prized activities. Of course our natural capacity for acquiring habits is sometimes a nuisance, and we acquire bad habits all too easily. But we nevertheless could not do without a vast array of habits which a...
ABSTRACT Wennman, Heini 2012. Habitual physical activity and heart rate variability in 12-year old children. Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, 92p. The study of heart rate variability (HRV) provides useful information about the function of the cardiac autonomic nervous system. The effects of many environmental factors on HRV are well known, but the associations between physical activity (PA) and HRV, especially in children, are less investigated. Higher HRV is related to health and many pathologic conditions are associated with reduced HRV. Exercise causes HRV to diminish, but improves HRV in long term. PA promotes many health related changes in energy metabolism, aerobic fitness and body composition in children and adults. The recommended minimum level of PA in children is 60 minutes of moderate- ...
This thesis presents a novel perspective on some facets of cross-linguistic and intralinguistic variation in the expression and interpretation of aspect in adverbially quantified and habitual contexts in Polish, Czech and Russian.
Groups, like individuals, often develop habitual routines for dealing with frequently encountered stimuli. Although such routines are consequential for group life and work, little is known about them. This paper reconnoiters the territory of habitual behavior in groups that perform work within organizations. We offer a definition of group habits, identify their functions and dysfunctions, suggest how they develop and are maintained, and identify the circumstances when they are likely to be altered or abandoned. Throughout, we give special attention to the social nature of habitual routines in groups, to the interaction between habitual behavior and group life cycle phenomena, and to the role of the organizational context in prompting, shaping, and terminating habitual routines.
Although anatomical abnormalities of the upper airway have been recorded in some patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), a muscle tone dysregulation also seems to have an important role in this disorder. Since habitual snoring is the initial stage of OSA, the structural characteristics of upper airway muscles (medium pharyngeal constrictor muscle [MPCM]) from 13 men (9 non-snorers and 4 habitual snorers) were studied. MPCM fibre structure in non-snorers was broadly similar to that in normal limb muscles, with the exception that fibre diameters were smaller for all fibre types. Compared with limb muscles, MPCM had a smaller proportion of type IIb fibres and a higher proportion of types I and IIa fibres. MPCM in habitual snorers had an abnormal distribution of fibre types (low percentage of type I and type IIb fibres and high perce...
The Institute of Phoniatrics, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
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