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O desenvolvimento das tecnologias da informação e de comunicação, manifestando-se entre outras características através da ubiquidade da Internet, provocou consideráveis mudanças nas formas de produção, acesso e difusão da informação. A capacidade de penetrabilidade da rede, em todas as esferas da actividade humana, embora sem carácter determinante, não pode ser ignorada pelos arquivistas. Aplicações como o correio electrónico, grupos de discussão e instrumentos de trabalho colaborativo, utilizadas quotidianamente em ambientes de trabalho, tanto em organizações públicas como privadas, têm impacto na gestão documental e nos arquivos. O documento electrónico ou digital surge nos arquivos como o tipo de conteúdo mais recente e deve ser olhado com maior acuidade porque possui características ímpares: assenta em suportes magnéticos ou óptico...
Can collaborative filtering be successfully applied to digital libraries in a manner that improves the effectiveness of the library? Collaborative filtering systems remove the limitation of traditional content-based search interfaces by using individuals to evaluate and recommend information. We introduce an approach where a digital library user specifies their need in the form of a question, and is provided with recommendations of documents based on ratings by other users with similar questions. Using a testbed of the Tsunami Digital Library, we found evidence that suggests that collaborative filtering may decrease the number of search queries while improving users' overall perception of the system. We discuss the challenges of designing a collaborative filtering system for digital libraries and then present our preliminary experiment...
An overview of the Digital Curation Centre since its establishment in 2004, including accomplishments of Phase One, aims and objectives of Phase Two, and how DCC relates to JISC strategy.
O aumento cont nuo do tr afego nas redes de telecomunica c~oes, tem vindo a colocar sobre press~ao os operadores da rede de transporte. Estes s~ao confrontados com a necessidade de aumentar a capacidade das suas redes e ao mesmo tempo diminuir de forma substancial o custo por bit transportado. Isto tem levado a uma altera c~ao profunda das tecnologias utilizadas nas redes de transporte. Os formatos de modula c~ao avan cados, aliados a dete c~ao coerente e ao processamento digital de sinal, surgem como uma alternativa aos sistemas de modula c~ao em intensidade e dete c~ao direta, permitindo o aumento da capacidade das atuais redes de transporte. Os sistemas de dete c~ao coerente permitem a utiliza c~ao de formatos multi-n vel (onde a informa c~ao e transportada na amplitude e fase do campo otico), o que por sua vez permite o aument...
This chapter addresses technical issues concerning digital technologies. Radiological equipment and technique are briefly introduced together with a discussion about requirements and advantages of digital technologies. Digital technologies offer several advantages when compared to conventional analogical systems, or screen–film (SF) systems. While in clinical practice the practitioners should be aware of technical factors such as image acquisition, management of patient dose, and diagnostic image quality. Thus, digital technologies require an up-to-date scientific knowledge concerning their use in projection radiography. In this chapter, technical considerations concerning digital technologies are provided.
There is an ever-increasing amount of data being created in digital formats, through the digitisation of existing analogue information and the creation of new 'born-digital' data from the sciences, arts, and humanities sectors. As well as generating new digital data, scientists, researchers, and scholars have begun to rely on digital content created by others. These data are at risk from technological obsolescence and from the inherent fragility of digital media. Digital curation is the management and preservation of digital data over the long-term. All activities involved in managing data from planning its creation, best practice in digitisation and documentation, and ensuring its availability and suitability for discovery and re-use in the future are part of digital curation. Digital curation can also include managing vast data sets...
Presentació classe 1 Vídeo Digital
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Digital badges allow language educators to earn credentials for the 21st century classroom and share them with the world. See how reputable badge issuers provide opportunities for educators to showcase their skills and interests with peers and employers.
DSpace is a joint development project of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Libraries and Hewlett-Packard Company. Its mission is to establish a library service to capture, distribute, and preserve the digital, intellectual output of the MIT community. We are developing a software platform for long-term digital content storage and preservation, and implementing this platform as a service of the Libraries.
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