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The Sustainable Consumption Research and Action initiative, or SCORAI, is an international online dialogue between scholars and practitioners through discussion of current events and theories concerning sustainable consumption. In this research, I use SCORAI as a case study to identify current topics important in the field of sustainable consumption and then synthesize these topics with discourses and actors in sustainable architecture and design. The methods used to achieve this synthesis include analysis of existing foundational SCORAI literature to "ground" the research, data coding of primary SCORAI scholarly conversation, and participatory research and feedback with both SCORAI contributors and designers. First, a theoretical grounding in sustainable consumption literature provided a foundation to interpret data both as an "inside...
O desenvolvimento da obra do designer gráfico Fred Jordan e de sua experiência profissional é o objeto deste trabalho. Considerando que nas duas primeiras décadas de sua atividade não existe no Brasil um projeto acadêmico sistematizado e metodologia estabelecida para o conhecimento e para a prática na área do design gráfico, a análise aponta as diversas etapas de sua produção, que se estende de 1940 a 1990. Nesse processo, a pesquisa busca articular as diferentes fases dessa produção e os momentos históricos em que se realizam. Mostra a singularidade do trabalho de Jordan apontando­ a partir do uso da tecnologia, das técnicas, da temática, da adequação à evolução industrial e da diversificação do público consumidor - como seus projetos permitem perceber as transformações do campo de trabalho e d...
This thesis suggests a new framework for cooperative modeling which supports concurrency design protocol with a design history tracking function. The proposed framework allows designers to work together while eliminating design conflicts and redundancies, and preventing infeasible designs. This framework provides methods to track optimal design path and redundant design history in the overall design process. This cooperative modeling architecture consists of a modeling server and voxel-based multi-client design tool. Design change among server and multiple clients are executed using the proposed concurrency design protocol. The design steps are tracked and analyzed using Design Tracking Graph and Design Tracking Matrix (DTM), which provide a design data exchange algorithm allowing seamless integration of design modifications between pa...
Tese de mestrado, Design de Equipamento - especialização em Design de Produto, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Belas Artes, 2014
Due to the complexity of modern tall building structures, structural design following the traditional trial-and-error approach makes the design process extremely time-consuming and the resultant design uneconomic. This paper studies the feasibility in formulating the structural design problem as a minimization problem and solving it by numerical optimization algorithms. With the help of the numerical optimization algorithms, the trial-and-error design process can be carried out in a systematic and, even more important, automatic manner. In this study, the design process is formulated as the minimization of the total weight of the building under a series of constraints, which are designed to consider different design criteria. The considered design criteria include the strength, top and inter-storey drifts, frequency, and stability requ...
Throughout the life-cycle of a design project, architects rely heavily on their tacit design knowledge to support design decisions. Tacit knowledge is highly personal and implicit. As such, it encompasses expertise, intuitive understanding, and professional insight formed as a result of experience. Due to its implicit nature, tacit design knowledge is typically shared only among colleagues who work in the same office through face-toface interactions. With emerging Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) technologies, designers face new opportunities for capturing and reusing tacit design knowledge. However, there is no accepted CMC strategy for sharing tacit design knowledge in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. This research investigates the impact of tacit design knowledge on design performance in a distrib...
Engineering design is an integral resource that on the surface uses creative, scientific, and process knowledge. Over the years many research driven improvements have been made to the methods and tools used for crafting the engineering design profession. Some progress has been made in exploring the cognitive processes, reading between the lines, and thinking about design thinking. This information is valuable to engineering designers in visualizing and performing the product development process. This dissertation is interdisciplinary in nature. The goal of this research is to apply cognitive research techniques to engineering design documentation to understand what happens in the mind during the design process. This research can be considered as an exploratory study of uncovering cognitive processes during design by developing a codi...
Engineering education is becoming increasingly focused on developing competences, creating meaningful learning experiences and paying special attention to professional profiles as required by accreditation bodies. Project‐based Learning (PBL) is one of the approaches that is regarded as an adequate response to the current demands of engineering education. PBL is, by definition, based on interdisciplinary integration, so the design process is based on complex interdisciplinary requirements and interactions demanding systematic and standardized approaches. This work aims to develop a service design framework for the development of a project‐based curriculum, which is regarded as a specific interpretation of service design. A service design approach based on structure, process and outcome dimensions is related with a set of methodologica...
Traditional methods in engineering design involve producing solutions at a single level. However, in complex engineering design problems, such as concurrent product and materials design, various levels of model complexity are considered. A design process in which design problems are defined and analyzed at various levels of design complexity is referred to as multilevel design. One example of multilevel design is the design of a material, product, assembly, and system. Dividing a design problem into multiple levels increases the possibility for introducing and propagating uncertainty. Design solutions that perform predictably in the presence of uncertainty are robust designs. Robust design concepts that were originally developed for designs at a single level can be applied to a multilevel design process. The Inductive Design Exploratio...
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