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This document summarises Amnesty International's global research on the death penalty. Information was gathered from various sources including official statistics (where available), non-governmental and inter-governmental organizations, human rights defenders, the media and interviews with survivors of human rights violations.
abstract__Abstract__ The term sudden cardiac death pertains to an unexpected death from cardiac causes within a short time period and has been described throughout history. The ancient Egyptians inscribed on the tomb of a nobleman some 4500 years ago that he had died suddenly and without apparent cause. Another early case of sudden death was Phidippides, the young Greek messenger, who collapsed and died after he ran 26.2 miles from Marathon to Athens to deliver the news of the Greek victory over the Persians in 460 BC. It has been hypothesised that Hippocrates in his writings provided the first medical description (approximately 400 BC) of sudden cardiac death: "Those who are subject to frequent and severe fainting attacks without obvious cause die suddenly". Sudden (cardiac) death was originally ascribed to supernatural c...
This video accompanies a poster and includes slides discussing El Salvador death squad activity from 1979 to 1991.
This study had three primary objectives: 1) to determine if there is an annual and/or seasonal trend in percentage of death loss in Kansas feedlots; 2) to examine the difference in death loss between steers and heifers; and 3) to evaluate if “in” weight has had an effect on percentage of death loss in Kansas feedlots. The annual trend in death loss for both steers and heifers was found to be significant and positive, indicating that death loss has been increasing over the sample period. Seasonal increases in death loss were significant for early-spring closeouts for both steers and heifers. The annual trend in the difference between the death loss for steers and heifers, though not significant, was negative. There were, however, certain closeout months in which there were significant differences in the death loss of steers relative to ...
Research pertaining to Maori children‟s experiences and perceptions of death and tangihanga is sparse. Much of what is available, relating to children and their experiences with death, particularly death of a loved one, is generalised and stems from Western paradigms of knowledge. In contrast, this study aimed to investigate Maori children‟s experience relating to death and tangi through the eyes of Maori parents. Five areas were explored with Maori parents: (1) childhood experiences of Maori parents relating to death and tangi, (2) parental conceptualisation pertaining to ideas of an afterlife (3) how and when Maori parents talk with children about topics relating to death, tangi and an afterlife (4) how Maori children understand and conceptualise these events, and (5) how these practices will continue on in the future. Findings of th...
The purpose of this quantitative study was first to investigate the comparative incidence of electromagnetic aftereffects (EMEs) during the past year among near-death experiencers (NDErs), people who experienced a close brush with death without an NDE (CBrs), and people who reported never having experienced a close brush with death (LCErs). The second purpose was to investigate a possible change in EME incidence among the three groups before and after a critical life event. The third purpose was to investigate the relationship between the reported overall depth and specific components of the subjective experiences of people who have had a close brush with death -- NDErs and CBrs -- and their reported incidence of EMEs. I used the Near-Death Experience Scale (Greyson, 1983), and developed the Close Brush with Death Question form, Life ...
The purpose of this thesis is to consider Camus's use of the death metaphor and its probable meaning for him.
Death has been analysed in a heterogeneous way, according to the theological, philosophical and scientific concepts of the world. Until recently death was diagnosed following the cessation of the functions of the heart and lungs. Currently, the ability to maintain cerebral function with mechanical support, in the absence of spontaneous breathing and heart beat, and the power to ensure circulation and respiration, despite the complete destruction of the brain, demand a redefinition of death. There is now the concept of brain death. In this paper we discuss the concept of death, from ancient times to the modem criteria for brain death. The historical definition will be discussed, and the new criteria for diagnosing brain death will be explained.
Death has been analysed in a heterogeneous way, according to the theological, philosophical and scientific concepts of the world. Until recently death was diagnosed following the cessation of the functions of the heart and lungs. Currently, the ability to maintain cerebral function with mechanical support, in the absence of spontaneous breathing and heart beat, and the power to ensure circulation and respiration, despite the complete destruction of the brain, demand a redefinition of death. There is now the concept of brain death. In this paper we discuss the concept of death, from ancient times to the modem criteria for brain death. The historical definition will be discussed, and the new criteria for diagnosing brain death will be explained.
John Donohue and Justin Wolfers argue that Gary Becker and Richard Posner are wrong to think that the death penalty deters murder: they find little empirical support for the claim. If anything, when one looks over the longest period possible (1934-2000) there is more evidence that the death penalty stimulates murder than that it deters murder.
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