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You search for death and 98,612 records were found.

Recent observations have identified, both in SIDS and sudden unexpected perinatal death victims, frequent developmental abnormalities in the brainstem, particularly in the arcuate nucleus, an important cardio-respiratory center of the ventral medullary surface. The aim of the present work is to describe the anatomo-pathological techniques that can be adopted for the study of the respiratory cardio-vascular and arousal coordinating structures of the brainstem. A simplified procedure for the routine study of brainstem structures, starting in fetuses after the 25th week, newborns and in infants will be presented, applicable in all histopathological laboratories. However, it requires a careful and precise sampling. The sampling procedure consists of the examination of the 3 portions of the medulla oblongata, in order to observe the inhere...
Activation of the caspase-dependent cell death pathways has been shown in focal seizures, but whether this occurs in prolonged generalized seizures is not known. We investigated whether the initiator caspase in the extrinsic pathway, caspase-8, or the intrinsic pathway, caspase-9, is activated during the first 24 h following lithium-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus, when neuronal death is maximal and widespread. The thymuses of rats given methamphetamine were used as positive controls for caspase-3-activated cellular apoptosis. Following methamphetamine treatment, caspase-9 but not caspase-8 was activated in thymocytes. However, 6 or 24 h following status epilepticus, none of 26 brain regions studied showed either caspase-8 or -9 activation by immunohistochemistry, western blotting and enzyme activi...
An important problem faced by children is discriminating between entities capable of goal-directed action, i.e. intentional agents, and non-agents. In the case of discriminating between living and dead animals, including humans, this problem is particularly difficult, because of the large number of perceptual cues that living and dead animals share. However, there are potential costs of failing to discriminate between living and dead animals, including unnecessary vigilance and lost opportunities from failing to realize that an animal, such as an animal killed for food, is dead. This might have led to the evolution of mechanisms specifically for distinguishing between living and dead animals in terms of their ability to act. Here we test this hypothesis by examining patterns of inferences about sleeping and dead organisms by Shuar and ...
This work intends to be a review of the recent histopathological findings elicited by research into sudden and unexpected perinatal death and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) that have dictated a novel approach to the inherent problems by pathologists, especially those entrusted with forensic medical authority. The new approach stems from the recent advances made in the understanding of neuro- and/or cardiac-conduction-system diseases present in unexpected perinatal death and SIDS. These demand that an accurate morphologic examination be performed of these structures, which modulate respiratory, cardiovascular, digestive, and arousal activities, in all victims of sudden death. A histopathologic study of an ample register of cases of victims of sudden death, either perinatally or in early infancy, has demonstrated frequent alteration...
The health system of a country needs to be adjusted to patterns of morbidity and mortality to mitigate the income-erosion consequences of prolonged ill-health and premature death of adults. Population-based data on mortality by cause are a key to modifying the health system. However, these data are scarce, particularly for rural populations in developing countries. The objectives of this study were to determine the burdens of health due to major causes of death obtained from verbal autopsy of adults and the elderly and their healthcare-seeking patterns before death in a well-defined rural population. There were 2, 397 deaths- 613 were among adults aged 15- 59 years and 1, 784 among the elderly aged 60 + years-during 2003- 2004 in the health and demographic surveil-lance area in Matlab, a rural area of Bangladesh. Trained interviewers i...
The Coos Bay District would perform vegetation treatments for the treatment of the Sudden Oak Death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum on all infected plants and eradication zones identified by agency Forest Pathologists. Treatment of up to 250 acres could potentially be accomplished under this CX. The eradication zone would include vegetation to be cut and burned that is located at least 300 feet from the nearest infected plant, but could increase to larger distances based on direction from pathologists as they continue to learn more about the disease and continue to adapt accordingly.
OBJECTIVE. Our goal was to investigate the risk factors for sudden infant death syndrome in the infants' sleep environment for a population in which few infants sleep prone as a result of education campaigns. METHODS. This was a population-based sudden infant death syndrome case-control study over 3 years (1998–2001) in Germany. RESULTS. There were 333 sudden infant death syndrome cases and 998 matched controls. Although only 4.1% of the infants were placed prone to sleep, those infants were at a high risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Those who were unaccustomed to sleeping prone were at very high risk, as were those who turned to prone. Bed sharing (especially for infants younger than 13 weeks); duvets; sleeping prone on a sheepskin; sleeping in the house of a friend or a relative (compared with sleeping in the parental home); and...
abstractLate-medieval murals and books of the then-popular "dances of death" usually represented the living according to their social standing. These works of art thus provide an interesting opportunity to study the relationship between social inequality and death as it was perceived by the works' commissioners or executers. The social hierarchy in these dances of death is mostly based on the scheme of the three orders of the feudal society; variations relate to the inclusion of female characters, new occupations, and non-Christian characters. Many dances of death contain severe judgments on highplaced persons and thus seem to be expressions of a desire for greater social equality. However, a more thorough analysis reveals that the equal...
Late-medieval murals and books of the then-popular "dances of death" usually represented the living according to their social standing. These works of art thus provide an interesting opportunity to study the relationship between social inequality and death as it was perceived by the works' commissioners or executers. The social hierarchy in these dances of death is mostly based on the scheme of the three orders of the feudal society; variations relate to the inclusion of female characters, new occupations, and non-Christian characters. Many dances of death contain severe judgments on highplaced persons and thus seem to be expressions of a desire for greater social equality. However, a more thorough analysis reveals that the equality of a...
Ideological beliefs have long attracted the attention of social psychologists, who have investigated their genesis as well as their influence on a host of social phenomena. Conservatism, from the Motivated Social Cognition framework, stems from epistemic and existential needs of the individual, and notably the fear of death. However, Terror Management Theory proposes a view of conservatism and its contrary, liberalism, as equivalent cultural worldviews, equally fit to fulfill such needs. In the present contribution, results are presented from five studies, which test the contrasting hypotheses derived from these two perspectives. A new perspective is considered that accounts for these and previous findings.
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