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This paper is a summary report based on the discussions of the JCI-DFRCC committee. The paper attempts to summarize the terminology related to DFRCCs and the structural advantages and application concepts of DFRCCs. This attempt was made for the purpose of further discussion at the JCI International Workshop on Ductile Fiber Reinforced Cementitious Composites-Application and Evaluation-held in 2002 at Takayama, Japan.
What do we need a theory of concepts for? Two answers to this 'meta-level' question about concepts figure prominently in the recent philosophical literature, namely, that concepts are needed primarily for the purposes of psychological explanation, and that concepts are needed primarily for the purposes of normative epistemology. I argue that the psychological perspective leads to what I call 'Judgment Pragmatism', which is a version of conceptual/inferential role semantics according to which concepts are not constitutively tied to rationality and knowledge. I begin in Chapter 1 by distinguishing two uses of the term 'concept' found in the literature, and laying out some constraints on any adequate theory of concepts. In Chapter 2, I articulate the two meta-level approaches under consideration, and explain how the work of Jerry Fodo...
Relying on a range of now-familiar thought-experiments, it has seemed to many philosophers that phenomenal consciousness is beyond the scope of reductive explanation. Others have thought that we can undermine the credibility of those thought-experiments by allowing that we possess purely recognitional concepts for the properties of our conscious mental states. This paper is concerned to explain, and then to meet, the challenge of showing how purely recognitional concepts are possible if there are no such things as qualia – in the strong sense of intrinsic (non-relational, non-intentional) properties of experience. It argues that an appeal to higher-order experiences is necessary to meet this challenge, and then deploys a novel form of higher-order thought theory to explain how such experiences are generated.
Hart a proposé une approche de la définition ou plus largement de la compréhension des concepts en droit qui, si elle prend appui sur les propositions méthodologiques de Bentham et encore sur une tradition critique des concepts en droit que l'on trouve aussi chez Kelsen ou dans la tradition de la théorie empirique du droit, est profondément originale par sa profondeur analytique.
Cet article décrit la construction, d'essence philosophique d'une classe de concepts, dont la structure et les propriétés présentent un intérêt dans plusieurs domaines. L'accent est mis ici sur les applications dans le domaine de l'analyse paradigmatique de la présente taxinomie et la propose en tant qu'alternative à la classification proposée par Greimas.
To cope with problems arising in the description of (1) contextual interactions, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when quantum entities become entangled, the mathematics of quantum mechanics was developed. Similar problems arise with concepts. We use a generalization of standard quantum mechanics, the mathematical lattice theoretic formalism, to develop a formal description of the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning.
Written by a powerful international team of theorists, this book offers a sophisticated analysis of the central political concepts in the light of recent debates in political theory. All political argument employs political concepts. They provide the building blocks needed to construct a case for or against a given political position. To address such issues as whether or not development aid is too low, income tax too high, or how to cope with poverty and the distribution of wealth, citizens must develop views on what individuals are entitled to, what they owe to others, and the role of individual choice and responsibility in these areas. These matters turn on an understanding of concepts such as rights, equality and liberty and the ways they relate to each other. People of different political persuasions interpret such key political ...
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