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We use a gendered computable general equilibrium model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in Mozambique. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, a stronger tradeoff between biofuels and food availability emerges when female labour is used intensively, as women are drawn away from food production. A skills-shortage amongst female workers also limits poverty reduction. Policy simulations indicate that only modest improvements in women's education and food crop yields are needed to address food security concerns and ensure broader-based benefits from biofuels.
We use a gendered dynamic CGE model to assess the implications of biofuels expansion in a low-income, land-abundant setting. Mozambique is chosen as a representative case. We compare scenarios with different gender employment intensities in producing jatropha feedstock for biodiesel. Under all scenarios, biofuels investments accelerate GDP growth and reduce poverty. However, a stronger trade-off between biofuels and food availability emerges when female labor is used intensively, as women are drawn away from food production. A skills-shortage among female workers also limits poverty reduction. Policy simulations indicate that only modest improvements in women's education and food crop yields are needed to address food security concerns and ensure broader-based benefits from biofuels investments.
Apesar da vasta bibliografia existente sobre a Responsabilidade Social Empresarial (RSE), pouco se consegue encontrar quando se junta as variáveis desporto e futebol. Neste sentido, este estudo foi desenvolvido com o intuito de responder a um conjunto de questões sobre a RSE e a forma como esta se encontra integrada na estrutura das três principais Sociedades Anónimas Desportivas (SAD) do futebol profissional português – Futebol Clube do Porto, Sporting Clube de Portugal e Sport Lisboa e Benfica. Esta investigação procurou averiguar sobre a convicção e aplicação da SER, por parte dos dirigentes responsáveis pela sua aplicação, nas três principais SAD do futebol profissional português. Para isso, foi desenvolvido um questionário semi-estruturado que inquiriu quanto à definição, à percepção, à integração e às práticas de RSE nas SAD em e...
RESUMO: Num quadro de profundas transformações demográficas, o envelhecimento populacional coloca muitas questões à sociedade. A promoção da saúde e de comportamentos saudáveis desempenha um papel importante numa perspectiva de Envelhecimento Activo. Hoje em dia existem inúmeras evidências científicas de que a Actividade Física regular tem importantes benefícios, tanto a nível físico como psicológico, com um impacto significativo no bem-estar e na qualidade de vida das pessoas em todas as idades. Para fomentar a prática de Actividade Física há um envolvimento cada vez maior dos profissionais de saúde, visto serem figuras de referência para os pacientes. Desta forma, foi objectivo do nosso estudo verificar a existência de uma associação positiva entre a prática de Actividade Física e a Consultoria em Actividade Física, baseado nas segu...
This work project discusses the key features that affect the Portuguese Football Market and the business models presented by its football clubs by analyzing its unique characteristics and performing a comparison with the main European championships. The business models of Sport Clube Beira-Mar - Futebol, SAD, Sport Lisboa e Benfica - Futebol, SAD, Sporting Clube de Braga - Futebol, SAD and three Portuguese Football Academies were analyzed in order to understand the differences between clubs with dissimilar goals and scopes and which aspects should be improved and explored. Portuguese clubs present a significant competitive advantage in developing players as well as an important members base. However, they face many challenges due to low stadium occupation rates, excessive dependence on certain revenue streams, lack of sports facilities...
The forecast plays an important role in the planning, the decision-making and control in any domain of activity, including the sportive phenomenon of the soccer. The experience has shown that the extrapolative or not casual models (univariate models), that use only the information of its past values to forecast the future, can often predict future with more accuracy than causal or multivariate models. In this paper, we model and forecast the offensive effectiveness of the soccer team Sport Lisbon and Benfica, in Portuguese soccer league, by using deterministic methods (linear trend, moving average, exponential smoothing, holt, naïve) and stochastic models (ARMA models, random walk). The model selection criteria used in our study were the mean squared error, the mean absolute error and the mean absolute percentage error based in a one-s...
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