Database

Creator

Date

Thumbnail

Search results

20,691 records were found.

Physical design for testability (PDFT) is a strategy to design circuits in a way to avoid or reduce realistic physical faults. The goal of this work is to define and establish a speci c methodology for PDFT. The proposed design methodology includes techniques to reduce potential bridging faults in complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) circuits. To compare faults, the design process utilizes a new parameter called the fault index. The fault index for a particular fault is the probability of occurrence of the fault divided by the testability of the fault. Faults with the highest fault indices are considered the worst faults and are targeted by the PDFT design process to eliminate them or reduce their probability of occurrence. An implementation of the PDFT design process is constructed using several new tools in addition to oth...
This dissertation explores mathematical programming optimization models and algorithms for routing and scheduling ships in a maritime transportation system. Literature surveyed on seaborne transportation systems indicates that there is a scarcity of research on ship routing and scheduling problems. The complexity and the overwhelming size of a typical ship routing and scheduling problem are the primary reasons that have resulted in the scarcity of research in this area. The principal thrust of this research effort is focused at the Kuwait Petroleum Corporation (KPC) Problem. This problem is of great economic significance to the State of Kuwait, whose economy has been traditionally dominated to a large extent by the oil sector. Any enhancement in the existing ad-hoc scheduling procedure has the potential for significant savings. A mixe...
The British Labour Party has spent eighteen years in opposition since 1979. During that time it lost four consecutive general elections to the Conservative Party. In 1997, however, it now looks set to win its first election since 1974. This thesis examines the Labour Party in opposition since 1979, using a theoretical framework informed by Anthony Giddens' structuration theory. Based on a dialectical notion of the structure and agency linkage, a two-tiered framework is constructed which at one level views a political party as consisting of a set of structures which can constrain and enable party leaders in their attempts to make the party electorally successful, and at another level the party is regarded as a collective agent in its own right, which in turn is subject to the effects of larger external structures. By comparing the stra...
Weed management programs in "Superior" potato with PRE and POST rimsulfuron treatments were investigated during 1992, 1993, and 1994. Common ragweed control by PRE combinations of metolachlor with linuron or metribuzin was higher when treatments included PRE or POST rimsulfuron. Common lambsquarters control was 93 to 96% by treatments that included POST rimsulfuron. Applications of 35 g ai/ha rimsulfuron plus 280 g ai/ha metribuzin POST controlled weeds comparable to sequential applications. Potato recovered from occasional injury caused by rimsulfuron, rimsulfuron plus metribuzin, and organophosphate insecticides combined POST with rimsulfuron plus metribuzin. Several acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides were evaluated for yellow nutsedge control in the greenhouse. Herbicides were applied POST to yellow nutsedge at actual...
The need to construct a fermion quantum field theory in black-hole spacetimes is an acute one. The study of gravitational collapse necessitates the need of such. In this dissertation, we construct the theory of free fermions living on the static Schwarzschild black-hole and the rotating Kerr black-hole. The construction capitalises upon the fact that both black-holes are stationary axisymmetric solutions to Einstein's equation. A factorisability ansatz is developed whereby simple quantum modes can be found, for such stationary spacetimes with azimuthal symmetry. These modes are then employed for the purposes of a canonical quantisation of the corresponding fermionic theory. At the same time, we suggest that it may be impossible to extend a quantum field theory continuously across an event horizon. This split of a quantum field theory e...
A generalized analysis of multiple-clad cylindrical dielectric structures with step-index profiles is presented. This analysis yields unified expressions for fields, dispersion equation and cutoff conditions for weakly guiding optical fibers with step-index but otherwise arbitrary profiles. The formulation focuses on triple-clad fibers, but can accommodate single and double-clad fibers as special limiting cases. Using the generalized solutions, transmission properties of several types of specialty fibers for broadband applications, including dispersion-shifted, dispersion-flattened, and dispersion compensating fibers, are studied. Improved designs for dispersion-shifted and dispersion compensating fibers are achieved. Fiber parameters and material compositions for the improved designs are provided. The proposed design for the dispersi...
Accurate models are necessary in critical applications. Key parameters in dynamic systems often change during their life cycle due to repair and replacement of parts or en- vironmental changes. This dissertation presents a new approach to update system models, accounting for these changes. The approach uses frequency domain data and a neural net- work to produce estimates of the parameters being updated, yielding a model representative of the measured data. Current iterative methods developed to solve the model updating problem rely on min- imization techniques to nd the set of model parameters that yield the best match between experimental and analytical responses. Since the minimization procedure requires a fair amount of computation time, it makes the existing techniques infeasible for use as part of an adaptive control scheme corr...
This dissertation examines four issues, including: (a) whether outdoor recreation experiences not included in the Recreation Experience Preference (REP) scales exist; (b) whether these experiences can be categorized using a framework called the Recreation Experience Matrix (REM); (c) how well the Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) variables of activity, setting, and expertise explain the types of experiences outdoor recreationists receive; and (d) how well two new variables--primary mode and mode dependence--explain the types of experiences outdoor recreationists receive. In order to address these issues, an on-site questionnaire was distributed at Mount Rogers National Recreation Area in Virginia during October and November, 1995 A total of 410 people completed this questionnaire. Of these, 336 provided useable addresses for a foll...
Flow sensitivities are the derivatives of the variables that describe the fluid flow with respect to the parameters that determine the fluid flow. Sensitivities are of interest in their own right and are also of use in flow optimization, control and design and in the calculation of perturbed flows. Problems arise in all sensitivity calculation methods in the presence of discontinuities and other complexities such as shock waves, contact discontinuities and rarefaction waves that commonly occur in super and hypersonic inviscid, compressible fluid flows. Flow sensitivities are calculated using finite difference quotients, automatic differentiation and the sensitivity equation method for a variety of numerical methods. Explanations for the inaccuracies arising in the numerical approximations and implications these inaccuracies have on di...
This study assessed the changing mission of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces as it evolved from the institution's founding as the Army Industrial College in 1924 to its 70th anniversary in 1994. The study drew heavily from archival materials in the Special Collections of the National Defense University in Washington, DC. The problem investigated in this research was to analyze how and why the institution's mission changed over time within the context of internal and external forces and events. Based upon the historical method of research, the study identified six periods in the institution's development over seven decades: its origins in the aftermath of World War I from 1918 to 1924; its growth in the interwar years, 1924 to 1940; the institution's temporary closure and subsequent reconstitution as the Industrial College of...
Want to know more?If you want to know more about this cutting edge product, or schedule a demonstration on your own organisation, please feel free to contact us or read the available documentation at http://www.keep.pt/produtos/retrievo/?lang=en