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An history of Centre Pivots and Lateral Moves and their use in Australia is followed by a range of an equipment overview, a section on measuring the performance of these machines, a section on their system capacity, practical management tips and 29 references.
[Abstract]: This paper introduces new ways of thinking about diversity in higher education. The 'deficit-discourse shift' challenges the deficit approaches that perceive the increasing diversity of the student body as a problem, or deficit. The shift conceptualises the university as a culture encompassing a multiplicity of sub-cultures, each with its own discourse or literacy. Students' transition to the new university culture can then be seen as the processes of becoming familiar with and engaging these multiple literacies and discourses, and perseverance as the processes of mastering and demonstrating them. These processes are illustrated in a model, the 'Framework for Student Engagement and Mastery'. An additional model, the 'Model for Student Success Practices at University', presents three practical, dynamic strategies that assist...
This paper explores both the theory and practice of embedding graduate skills within Griffith Business School (GBS) Curricula. The authors reflect on their experience in running a pilot in Management Concepts: a first year course designated as a site for embedding particular skills, and use their experience in this context to illustrate and support their argument that teaching practice and evaluation are as important as research in developing a scholarly approach to graduate skills development. These issues are addressed by describing the development of the discipline-specific, embedded, and developmental approach within the Griffith Business School, and by providing an overview of the learning development program and its theoretical underpinnings. The discussion focuses on one of the skills developed for this course, namely, critical ...
[Abstract]: The Information Professionals Alumni chapter was established in 2003 to maintain and re-establish links between librarianship and teacher-librarianship courses at the Queensland University of Technology's (QUT) library and information studies and teacher-librarianship courses and graduates out in the field. The focus of chapter events is three-fold – to host social events; to encourage networking; and to create opportunities for the professional development of past, present and future students. This paper discusses the formation of the Information Professionals chapter and its success in achieving these aims. The chapter has held many popular events, including hosting a number of international guest speakers, awarding a bursary for a member to attend the 2004 Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) conference ...
This paper describes first results in the development of a machine vision system that estimates the liveweight of cattle based on objective body measurements (i.e. body length and area). The apparatus has potential use in pasture and feedlot situations with application to automated drafting. A trial conducted at Bengalla Station (42 km east of Goondiwindi, Queensland) consisted of video collection for thirty pasture-fed Bos indicus steers for one day in August 2009. Video apparatus was installed in a laneway enclosed in a shed through which the animals walked enroute to a watering point. Video recording was motion-triggered and indexed by cattle identifications from an electronic ear tag reader at the entry of the laneway. The animals were stationary-weighed the day before the video collection occurred. The video apparatus comprised a ...
The Australian grape-growing and wine producing industry enjoyed meteoric growth from the early 1990s onwards, with wine sales forming an increasingly important element of both national export earnings and farm-sector income. Despite this success, a recent downward slump in industry profitability and a dampening of demand for wine has resulted in a call for government-assisted intervention, which would include a national 'vine-pull'. This paper examines the 'Wine Restructuring Action Agenda' (WRAA) proposed by a suite of industry bodies, and in particular the vine-pull policy option, in light of its predecessor, the vine-pull scheme of 1985-87. We argue that past experience suggests that both state and federal governments, and the industry itself, ought to explore the other options contained in the WRAA more fully, and indeed other eme...
While the concept of learning communities is now widely known and generally endorsed in higher education, there are significant challenges in relation to their implementation within the current Australian higher education context. We argue that a community of practice model proposed by Wenger (1998) can provide a framework for the building of successful academic communities of practice. The model contains three fundamental elements - a domain of knowledge that creates a common ground and sense of common identity, a community of people who care about the domain and create the social fabric of learning, and a shared practice that the community develops to be effective in its domain. In this case study the community provides a location for individual academics to focus on teaching and learning against a background of tensions in the curre...
Within education research there has been sustained interest in developing models that can predict, or alternatively explain, student success. In computing education, attempts have been made to predict success in programming courses. Models previously used in this area have included a range of demographic, cognitive and social factors. These models emphasise presage factors. Biggs' 3P general model of student learning, by comparison, measures attitudinal factors. This multi-national, multi-institutional study investigates the effectiveness of an attitudinal measure, deep and surface approaches to learning (Biggs R-SPQ-2F questionnaire), to explain the success of students in introductory programming courses. This is then compared to both a cognitive and a demographic measure. The results indicate that across the eleven institutions in th...
This study was conducted in a bid to better understand the student cohort at the new campus of the University of Southern Queensland. The project was designed to follow on from the findings of a recent nation-wide review of first year students conducted by the Centre for the Study of Higher Education at the University of Melbourne (Krause, Hartley, James, & McInnis, 2005). Studies focusing on the experiences and perceptions of vulnerable student cohorts provide valuable information to academic and support staff at universities and enable institutions to better meet student needs. The cohort in this context differed in several respects from those of previous studies, specifically in terms of the much greater proportion of students who were of a low to middle socio-economic status, as well as a larger proportion of mature-age students...
Human UV exposure is influenced by many factors. Localised human UV exposure is particularly influenced by the surfaces surrounding humans, such as the reflectivity of UV radiation of these surfaces. Albedo is the classical characteristic to express reflectivity, however, this is somewhat limited to surfaces at which the incident and reflected radiation is broadly defined as 'up-welling' and 'down-welling' UV radiation. Where large solar zenith angles allow, albedo can be used for vertical surfaces, where the incident radiation is striking the surface close to the normal of the surface, however, for other solar zenith angles, albedo either over-estimates, or under-estimates the reflective capacity of a vertical surface, particularly in direct UV environments. An alternative characteristic of the reflective capacity that takes into acco...
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