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Following the rapid demise of local coalmining in the 1950s and early 1960s, the former coal towns of the Cessnock area have survived in their newfound dormitory role, with cheap serviced housing acting as a major constraint on out-migration and an incentive for in-migration for low-income householders, mainly engaged in external commuting or outside the workforce. Behavioural responses to widening local job deficits in the early 1960s were reported in this journal (Holmes, 1965). From household surveys and other sources, Holmes examined the interplay between individual, household and locality variables and presented a spectrum of projected future outcomes for localities, according to accessibility, size and service provision, either attached to the Newcastle-Maitland labour market as low-income outer suburbs or experiencing varying ra...
In most organisations, outcomes of personnel selection will not always be known, and therefore the selection officer has access to partial feedback only. In personnel selection, feedback, or knowledge of results, is more likely to follow a decision to hrie than a decision to reject, particularly if the applicant was unsuitable. The present study investigated efefcts of asymmetric partial feedback on decision-making performance using an artifical personnel selection task.
The recruitment of algae is a critical process during algal colonization and invasions, including coral-to-algal phase shifts. Although algae are widely assumed to colonize and kill corals, there is very little known about the recruitment dynamics of coral reef algae. This study tested the ability of two dominant macroalgae (Fucales including Sargassum spp. and Lobophora variegata) to settle and grow on healthy coral tissue. The study also explored the effects of interactions with prior occupants, and of abiotic substrate properties (texture, and ceramic and carbonate material). The results indicate that healthy corals were able to prevent attachment or survival of recruits of these macroalgae. This is a significant point, since it suggests that the replacement of corals by algae may often require prior stress or death in the coral tis...
An image segmentation scheme is shown to be exceptionally successful through the application of high-level knowledge of the required image objects (cell nuclei). By tuning the algorithm's single parameter, it is shown that the performance can be maximised for the dataset, but leads to individual failures that may require alternative choices. A second stage is introduced to process each of the resulting segmentations obtained by varying the parameter over the working range. This stage gives a Bayesian interpretation of the results which indicates the probable accuracy of each of the segmentations that can then be used to make a decision upon whether to accept or reject the segmentation.
Analysis of return and onwards migration flows has typically relied upon lifetime migration definitions. Both Canada and Australia have collected data on usual place of residence both one and five years prior to the census, which provide a richer source of information on return and onwards moves. Utilizing data drawn from complementary sources, this article examines the incidence, composition and spatial patterning of return and onwards migration at the state and provincial level in Canada and Australia over the period of 1986–1990–1991. Results indicate a high degree of symmetry in these processes between the two countries. While many of the findings are consistent with those derived from analysis of lifetime data, we find that one quarter to one third of return moves were to the original (1986) dwelling, indicating a planned return r...
Past research suggests that dexamphetamine (Dex) can facilitate learning and memory in healthy individuals and after a neurological lesion. This study investigated the effects of Dex on the learning of names for new objects in young healthy adults (n = 37) within an explicit learning paradigm by using a double-blind, placebo-controlled between- subjects design. Participants received 10 mg Dex or a placebo each morning over five consecutive days before viewing 100 novel objects with non-word names plus matched fillers. Compared to the placebo, Dex enhanced both the rate of learning and the retention of the words 1 wk and 1 month later. The improved word learning correlated with baseline attention and memory scores for participants in the Dex group only. No correlations were observed between word-learning success and sustained attention,...
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdIns(4,5)P-2) synthesis is required for calcium-dependent exocytosis in neurosecretory cells. We developed a PtdIns(4,5)P-2 bead pulldown strategy combined with subcellular fractionation to identify endogenous chromaffin granule proteins that interact with PtdIns(4,5)P-2. We identified two synaptotagmin isoforms, synaptotagmins 1 and 7; spectrin; alpha-adaptin; and synaptotagmin-like protein 4 (granuphilin) by mass spectrometry and Western blotting. The interaction between synaptotagmin 7 and PtdIns(4,5)P-2 and its functional relevance was investigated. The 45-kDa isoform of synaptotagmin 7 was found to be highly expressed in adrenal chromaffin cells compared with PC12 cells and to mainly localize to secretory granules by subcellular fractionation, immunoisolation, and immunocytochemistry. We de...
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