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BACKGROUND. Development of higher engineering education requires under-standing on teaching, learning and assessment. The content being taught and boundary conditions, such as available resources, must be taken into consideration. In practice it is not possible to implement everything that is presented as desirable in educational research and a compromise is needed, where such a teaching, learning and assessment environment is created that is both theoretically sound and useful in practice. PURPOSE. The purpose of this report is twofold: Firstly, to present a teaching, learning and assessment environment which can be used as a base for educational practice and development. Secondly, we present two cases, in both of which the implementation is based mainly on the ideas of constructive alignment and the key element has been to find those...
Abstract The amount of information available has increased due to the development of our modern digital society. This has caused an information overflow, meaning that there is lot of data available but the meaningful information or knowledge is hidden inside the overwhelming data smog. Nevertheless, the large amount of data together with the increased capabilities of computers provides a great opportunity to learn the behaviour of different kinds of phenomena at a more detailed level. The quality of life, well-being and a healthy living environment, for example, are fields where new information services can assist the creation of proactive decisions to avoid environmental problems caused by industrial activity, traffic, or extraordinary weather conditions. The combination of data coming from different sources such as public registers...
Abstract The purpose of the study was to create a comprehensive view and add understanding about the childcare practice of children sleeping outdoors in the context of Northern Finnish winter. A general view of the topic was described, the thermal insulation of clothing of infants sleeping outdoors in northern winter climate was evaluated and the relationships among thermal environment, infants’ skin temperatures and daytime outdoor sleep duration were described. Mixed methods research design was used. A questionnaire was distributed to the parents (n=116) of children under 2 years of age in the city of Oulu. Skin temperatures of about three-month-old infants were recorded from seven skin sites throughout a daytime sleep outdoors (n=34) and indoors (n=33) in the families’ homes. The duration of the infant’s sleep was observed and air...
Abstract This thesis introduces a novel Web service-centric solution to pervasive computing, called Service-oriented Pervasive Computing (also called Pervasive Service Computing), which enables computer systems to deal with context in the user’s environment, to dynamically discover and compose existing services, and to develop Internet-scale multimedia applications that support users’ activities. First, this thesis introduces the concept of Pervasive Service Computing and its relation to community coordinated multimedia, context awareness, and service-oriented computing. It then investigates the state of the art, the practices, and techniques which have been developed to support such services. Building on these tools, this study adopts a service-oriented methodology to design a reference model for Pervasive Service Computing, for acc...
Abstract Human-computer interaction (HCI) is an integral part of modern society. Since the number of technical devices around us is increasing, the way of interacting is changing as well. The systems of the future should be proactive, so that they can adapt and adjust to people’s movements and actions without requiring any conscious control. Visual information plays a vital role in this kind of implicit human-computer interaction due to its expressiveness. It is therefore obvious that cameras equipped with computing power and computer vision techniques provide an unobtrusive way of analyzing human intentions. Despite its many advantages, use of computer vision is not always straightforward. Typically, every application sets specific requirements for the methods that can be applied. Given these motivations, this thesis aims to develop ...
Abstract There has been little improvement over the last few decades in the annual accident rate in workplaces within manufacturing industries. Viable innovative methods in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing industry are need for developing more effective ways to enhance the understanding of safety. Therefore, enterprises need new illustrative and participative trials to boost their ongoing and incomplete work. Research in to the significance of design science (DS) as a framework for enhancing health and safety issues has provided new views. One reason is most likely the macro-ergonomic comprehensive approach, however, DS is comprehensive and thus the results do not usually correlate with practical occasions. In addition to DS the work system objectives have to consider and be able to reveal the significan...
Abstract Recent studies in adults have shown that musculoskeletal (MS) pains are often experienced at several body sites. The number of pain sites has been shown to be proportional to poor health outcomes, such as functional ability and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study investigated the occurrence and persistence of MS pain in multiple locations, determinants of multiple-site pain, and the impact of multiple-site pain on HRQoL and health care use among adolescents aged 16 to 19. The data were based on three inquiries that were administered to the adolescents of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1986. MS pain was common and often occurred at multiple sites. Moreover, the majority of adolescents with multiple-site pain at 16 reported multiple-site pain also at 18. Multiple-site MS pains were strongly associated with p...
Abstract Historical novels are widely published and read in Finland. During the last few decades both Finnish and Finland-Swedish writers alike have addressed such incendiary topics as the Finnish Civil War and the events of the Second World War. The object of the present study is Lars Sund’s Siklax trilogy: Colorado Avenue (1991), Lanthandlerskans son (1997, ’Son of a Country Shopkeeper’) and Eriks bok (2003, ’Erik’s Book’). These novels can be defined as postmodern historical novels, relatively rare as a genre in Finland and even less studied. The impact of historical novels on readers’ attitudes may be strong, and as a result it is necessary to contemplate the ways in which history is reproduced and interpreted. The present study analyses the ways Sund’s novels represent the past, their relation to historiography and the historical...
Abstract The thesis deals with how Estonians learn Finnish, especially their choices of verbs and rections, and how these are influenced by mother tongue, time spent on study, and the properties of certain verbs. The research data consist of translations given in a language test by 111 Estonian-speaking and 15 Russian-speaking learners of Finnish. In the test they had to translate 175 sentences from Estonian into Finnish. The Estonian-speaking testees’ materials contain 19,425 verb and rection choices, and the Russian-speaking testees’ materials contain 2,625 verb and rection choices. I also attempt to examine the L2 production process, and especially the editions of answers made by learners by the help of Scriptlog data. The data analyses show that the Finnish verb and rection choices are challenging also to advanced Estonian langua...
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