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Nigeria has had private universities only since 1999. This study seeks information on the information needs of faculty in one of those institutions. A questionnaire was used to collect data from 56 randomly-sampled respondents. The findings show that most (53.6%) depend on library books and other publications to support teaching and research. Journals were the most used documentary sources. A lack of current and relevant materials was identified as the primary impediment to information retrieval.
The paper focuses on the need for a national information policy in Nigeria in the face of globalization. The paper is not anti-globalization, but believes that although globalization facilitates global access to information and its generating media, it also has the potential of exposing Nigerians to obscene information materials, and of dumping unwholesome, improperly packaged and substandard information resources in the country. The conceptual explanation of both globalization and information policy is discussed. Also discussed is Nigeria 's contemporary information environment, which this paper sees as highly risky, volatile and uncoordinated. The paper argues that with national information policy, globalization will no longer pose a threat to the nation's library and information sector, because information policy will ensure proper ...
The population for the study was 78 postgraduate Masters and PhD students of the Department of Library and Information Science, Delta State University, Abraka. Due to the small population the entire population was used as the sample. The analysis of the data collected revealed that there is a low level of skill in the use of ICT among the selected respondents; the Internet via Cybercafé is the most used medium in sourcing electronic materials; respondents exhibit a very low experience in sourcing electronic materials; there is a high level of electronic resource usage regardless of gender difference by respondents. In other words gender gap in electronic resource usage is quite negligible and that Issues like large mass of irrelevant information, the need to filter the results from search, download delay, failure to find information, i...
ICT has fundamentally affected the operations of library and information services. Working long hours on a computer system may result in pain or other physical symptoms. A close-ended questionnaire was used to elicit information from respondents at two university libraries, the University of Lagos (Unilag) and Covenant University (CU). The study revealed tension, stress, headaches, and pain in wrist
Eric Bonabeau & Christopher Meyer (2001) have devised a simple “cocktail party” game that they use to introduce complexity dynamics. Imagine a party in which everybody present is instructed to follow a simple rule: Silently select two people at random, A and B, and position yourself so that A is always between you and B. Under these conditions, the party-goers will wander around the room, forming small, transient groups and meeting a number of people. Then halfway through the party the rule changes: Instead of positioning A between yourself and B, position yourself in the middle between A and B. The dynamic changes, and everyone drifts together into a tight cluster. The point of the exercise is to demonstrate a common element of dynamic behavior and complexity theory: that complex, unscripted behavior can emerge from simple rules. Com...
The inconsistent spelling of American Indian tribal names at the end of the nineteenth century led in part to the development within the Office of Indian Affairs of an array of 270 standardized identifiers, ranging from Absaroka to Zuñi. These efforts paralleled the simultaneous improvement of a large suite of relevant terms by the United States Board on Geographic Names. Both compilations were included in style manuals published by the Government Printing Office beginning in 1900 and approved for the use of federal agencies. In 1903 and 1904, Charles J. Kappler, in the preparation of his multi-volume Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties, made particular use of this orthography when he created new individual titles for the recognized treaties between the federal government and the Indian Nations. Even with these coordinated attempts, howe...
Over 30 species of grasses are utilized for turf (Huff 1998), while others are important in agriculture as forage crops. The commercial value of this group of plants makes them attractive for improvement through modern genetic engineering techniques (Johnson and Riordan, in press). Because of the diversity of species and the consequent differences in biology among them, broad generalizations regarding the ecological effects of pest resistance genes introduced into these crops cannot be made. Rather, questions regarding the potential for pest resistance genes must be directed toward specific cases in which the species and the particular introduced gene are known. In keeping with this approach, particular attention at this meeting was paid to the turfgrasses—in particular creeping bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.) and Kentucky bluegra...
Eighty Angus and Angus × Simmental steer calves were used in a completely random design to determine the effect of rate of BW gain during the backgrounding period on subsequent feedlot performance, carcass characteristics, Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF), and sensory analysis. Animals were stratified by BW and allotted randomly to 1 of 10 pens (5 pens/treatment). Dietary treatments were formulated for an ADG of 0.91 kg/d [low BW gain (LG), 1.06 Mcal of NEg/kg] diets and 1.25 kg/d [high BW gain (HG), 1.19 Mcal of NEg/kg]. Steers were fed 70 d during the growing period. The LG diet consisted of 52.5% barley silage, 39.0% whole shell corn, and 8.5% supplement, whereas the HG diet contained 43.9% barley silage, 47.4% whole shell corn, and 8.7% supplement (DM basis). Initial BW (226 kg) was not different (P = 0.70) between treatments. St...
The object of these experiments was to determine the length of time during which B. tuberculosis in cow's faeces remain alive and virulent on pasture land in the south of England. The method of testing for living B. tuberculosis is given in Appendix II.
Distribution of the monogenean Dactylogyrus banghami on the gills of the fish Notropis stramineus (Cyprinidae) was described by calculation of mean relative positions and Levins' niche breadths on the linear spatial resource gradients gill filament length and gill arch length. Thirty fish with 276 worms were examined; only one of the fish had an additional gill parasite species (Trichodina sp). Worms were more broadly and evenly distributed across the length of the gill arch than they were on the filament (breadths of 0.91 and 0.67, respectively). Mean worm positions were near the center of both resources: 54% of the distance from the arch cartilage on the filament, and 54% from the ventral end of the arch itself. The results are considered consistent with predictions about the niche structures of species in unsaturated noninteractive ...
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