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Buildings and the built environment have major resource impacts throughout their lifetimes. Much of the sustainability movement has focused on how to design, construct, and manage the built environment in ways that minimize resource impacts while enhancing the quality of built spaces. This panel will feature higher education and business professionals from Kansas with different specialties in green building. They will discuss current needs for green building in Kansas as well as ways that higher education can respond to these needs to enhance the livability, affordability, and environmental performance of the Kansas built environment.
Local governments, counties, and regional planning entities throughout the US have been developing new strategies and implementation plans for sustainability. Sustainability planning often integrates areas such as green building standards, urban redevelopment and regeneration districts, smart growth policies, public and pedestrian/bike friendly transportation, local food supply and area food policies, and more. This panel will discuss major trends and needs for sustainable communities in Kansas as well as how higher education is involved and how it can be more involved.
Sustainability is about the triple bottom line of balancing ecological and social priorities with economic priorities. This means that the jobs of the future need to involve sound ecological and social principles as well as creating valued productivity. “Green jobs” are emerging as a major priority for in Kansas, and a potential major jobs growth sector. This panel will feature Kansas higher education leaders and partners that are focused on “green jobs” growth in Kansas. They will discuss economic growth and workforce training needs in Kansas as well as the role of higher education in promoting this growth and training.
Kansas is the third windiest state in the nation and is centrally situated geographically for providing access to commercialized wind energy. Kansas wind could be a major contributor to an energy future for the United States that is renewable, efficient, and home-grown. Yet, there are many steps to go from here to there. This panel will feature experts in wind energy technologies and development from around Kansas. They will discuss some of the technical hurdles and workforce needs if this development is to take place. They will also discuss the potential role of higher education partnerships across Kansas in fully developing our wind resource for the benefit of all Kansans.
One hundred pigs (initially 13.0 lb and 21 d of age) were used to assess the differences between moist and dry extruded soybean meal in diets for early-weaned pigs. Dietary treatments included: 1) corn+ dried skim milk+dried whey+casein, 2) corn+soybean meal, 3) corn+dry extruded soybean meal, and 4) com+moist extruded soybean meal. The diets were formulated to contain 1.4% lysine and 24.4% lactose. Soybean meal (with or without extrusion processing) replaced milk protein on an equal lysine basis. Experimental diets were fed for the entire 28 d experiment. On d 14, fecal samples were collected to determine apparent DM and N digestibilities by feeding chromic oxide as an undigestible marker. Average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), and feed efficiency (FIG) were improved (P< .05) in pigs fed the predominately milk die...
One hundred and twenty pigs (initially 96 lb BW) were used to determine the interrelationship between genotype, sex, and dietary lysine effects on growth performance and carcass composition in a 2 x 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Genetic comparisons were made between pigs characterized by either high or medium potential for lean tissue gain. Within genotype, barrows and gilts were separately fed either a .90 or a .70% lysine diet until the mean weight of pigs in each pen of three reached 230 lb. One pig per pen was then slaughtered to determine carcass characteristics and chemical composition. From 230 to 280 lb, dietary lysine was lowered to .75 or .55% for pigs fed .90 or .70%dietary lysine, respectively. When the pig mean weight met or exceeded 280 lb, both pigs were slaughtered to determine carcass characteristics and chemical compos...
The objective of this research was to examine the interactive effects of porcine somatotropin (pST) and the beta-agonist salbutamol on the growth and carcass characteristics of three genotypes of pigs differing in lean and fat deposition potential. Thirty-two pigs each of either 1/4 Duroc-3/4 white composite (Duroc crossbred), purebred Meishan, or 1/4 Meishan-3/4 white composite (Meishan crossbred) breeding were injected daily with 0 or 4 mg pST and fed a diet containing 0 or 2.75 ppm salbutamol for approximately 34 d and subsequently slaughtered. As the percentage Meishan in the genotype increased, loin muscle area, semitendinosus weight, average daily gain (ADG), and carcass gain decreased. There was an interaction between salbutamol and genotype for ADG, daily protein gain, and total carcass gain, resulting in Meishan crossbred pigs...
One hundred and sixty pigs, with an average initial wt of 121 lb, were used in an experiment to determine the effects of diet form and particle size on growth performance and nutrient digestibility. The pigs were fed corn-soybean meal-based diets with the corn milled to particle sizes of 1,000, 800, 600, or 400 p,m. The diets were fed in meal and pellet forms. In general, reducing particle size increased electrical energy required for milling and decreased production rate. Milling to 400 p,m, as opposed to 600 JLm, required twice as much electrical energy and reduced production rate by 50%. Reducing particle size of the corn from 1,000 to 400 p,m resulted in a 4% increase in DE of the diets and 6% decrease in ADFl. The net result was similar DE intakes, with 22% less daily fecal excretion of DM, 25% less daily fecal excretion of N, and...
A 25 d growth trial utilizing 198 pigs was conducted to determine the influence of fumaric acid and calcium formate on starter pig performance. At weaning (19 d of age and 11.9 lb), pigs were blocked by weight and allotted to one of three dietary treatments: a control diet without acid addition or diets containing 1.5% fumaric acid or 1.5% calcium formate. Adding calcium formate to the diet had no influence on average daily gain (ADG), average daily feed intake (ADFI), or feed efficiency (F/G). Pigs fed the diet containing fumaric acid had improved feed efficiency during the first 2 weeks postweaning compared to pigs fed the other two diets. These results do not support the addition of calcium formate to the starter diet. However, results warrant additional research to determine the efficacy of fumaric acid in high nutrient density sta...
When pigs were fed to 230 Ib, high-lean genotype loin eyes had less visual marbling and a higher saturation index (more vivid or intense color) than medium-lean genotype loin eyes. Loin eye chops from high-lean gilts had greater cooking losses and WarnerBratzler shear values (mechanically tougher) than those from high-lean barrows and medium-lean barrows and gilts. When pigs were fed to 280 Ib, medium-lean genotype loin eyes had a lighter color visually and indicated by Hunter L* values, more marbling, less firmness, more moisture exudate, and a higher chop thaw loss than high-lean loin eyes. Barrow loin eyes had more marbling and less thaw loss than gilt loin eyes. Loin eye chops from high-lean barrows had higher Warner-Bratzler shear values than high-lean gilts and medium-lean barrows and gilts. Dietary lysine levels had minimal effe...
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