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The health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has been consistently reported as far poorer than that of the rest of the Australian population. This disparity can not be explained by biomedical reasoning or scientific extrapolation alone. There is an assumption that all who read about Indigenous health will have knowledge of who Indigenous Australians are. However, this assumption will be challenged. Many non-Indigenous Australians have had very little contact with Indigenous Australians and know little about the historical context. This issue may lie at the very heart of the debate about Australian Indigenous affairs (McCorquodale 1997). Much of this debate has been entrenched in Social Darwinism — a social theory that attempted to apply Charles Darwin’s theory of natural selection with survival of the fittest and adapt it...
Across Australia there is a large number of people from diverse cultures who provide primary care for children and young people from within their own extended family. Such carers exist across the family spectrum and include grandparents, aunts, uncles, siblings and others, for example great-grandparents. A relatively small proportion of these carers are registered officially as foster carers because the child and/or young person placed in their care is on a care and protection order. While legally their role is identical to that of other foster carers, who similarly provide care for a child or young person who is unable to live with their own parents, the experience and needs of statutory relative foster carers are also vastly different. This paper will focus on the distinctive aspects of statutory relative foster care and will assess ...
The Glenelg-Hopkins area is a large regional watershed (2.6 million ha) in southwest Victoria that has been extensively cleared for agriculture. In-stream electrical conductivity (EC) in relation to remnant native vegetation is examined from the headwaters to the upper extent of the estuary of the Glenelg River. Five water quality gauging stations were selected. Their contributing subcatchments represent a continuum of disturbance. Proportions of native vegetation ranged from ~100% at the headwaters of the river to ~30% at the furthest downstream gauge station. The relationship between remnant vegetation and in-stream EC was examined using aggregated and non-aggregated land use statistics over a period of 22 years from three land use maps. Increased proportions of native vegetation were significantly negatively correlated with in-strea...
Mebendazole, a broad spectrum anthelmintic drug, exists in three polymorphic forms (A, B and C) with differing solubilities and rates of dissolution. The order of solubility is B>C>A. with polymorph B, seven times more soluble than A, while the order of stability is A>C>B. The fact that different therapeutic outcomes have been attributed to the different polymorphs supports the fact that low solubility and rate of dissolution are important factors to consider. The objective of this study was to develop a simple non-destructive method to test the crystal purity of the mebendazole raw material (bulk drug), and thus ensure that the pharmaceutically favoured polymorph C is present in both tablet and liquid dosage forms. A Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform (DRIFT) spectrometry method was developed for detection of the unfavoura...
Two experimental sheep populations comprising 3579 progeny, have been established to map QTL for over 125 phenotypes covering wool, growth/carcass, parasite traits, lactation traits, feed intake, feed efficiency and energy partitioning, morphology, behaviour, and reproductive performance. Genome wide scans using microsatellite markers have been completed, and preliminary results of a whole genome scan are described. The results of this will provide a valuable resource for further fine-mapping, functional studies and gene identification. An integrated QTL map and framework linkage map is being constructed.
The research involved an extensive search, evaluation and critique of the published and unpublished literature on models of research in the international, national, regional and local domains. A special focus was trained on models of engagement between researcher and the research group, including participatory and collaborative models of research in the social and geographical/ environmental sciences. The report provides an overview and discussion of these forms of research and makes recommendations about developing some ‘best practice’ models for researching resource use in the Wet Tropics. Central to any research being undertaken on resource use in the Wet Tropics is the engagement of the appropriate Indigenous people. This engagement or active involvement in the research might range from people brokering the research project itself...
“I’ve been fostering for 15 years. I’ve even won an award. Big Deal! All I see is things going downhill and getting worse. What good will come from this research? Will anything change?” [Foster Carer 2003] “I’ve participated in heaps of surveys but seen no improvements. What difference will this survey make?” [Foster Carer 2003] “It’s really disheartening to think that you do all this work and nothing may come of it” [PhD Researcher 2003] These opening comments have been made this year in respect of the collaborative research on Foster Care and Foster Carers being undertaken by the research partnership between the School of Social Work and Community Welfare at James Cook University and the Mackay/Whitsunday Region of the Queensland Department of Families. They reflect uncertainty shared by both researchers and research partici...
The introduction of low cost carriers (LCCs) on international routes raises the prospect of this airline model being used on longhaul services between Australia and Europe and Asia and Europe. Qantas, Australia's only full service airline (FSA) is under increasing competitive pressure from both Asian and Gulf State carriers which have lower cost structures. This paper considers this emerging issue in the context of the possibility of using 1etstar's Australia/Asia services as the basis for further long haul expansion to Europe to defend Qantas' market share. The paper contrasts the marketing and operating strategies deployed by LCCs compared to FSAs. The paper also considers the potential for Porter's model of Generic Competitive Strategies to be used to explain aspects of LCC operations.
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