Type

Database

Creator

Date

Thumbnail

Search results

1,329 records were found.

INTRODUCTION: Conflicting results have been reported with respect to the relationship between direct or indirect measures of glycemic control in mothers with type 1 diabetes and macrosomia. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of LGA babies in type 1 diabetic pregnancies and analyse the influence of some maternal characteristics and glucose control in oversized babies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 18 pregnant women with type 1 diabetes mellitus was performed. It was divided in two groups: group 1 (G1- n=9)--pregnant women with LGA babies and group 2 (G2- n=9)--pregnant women with AGA (Appropriate weight for gestational age) babies. We evaluate the follow parameters: HbA1c in the third trimester of pregnancy, fasting and 1 h postprandial capillary glucose levels, pregestational BMI, maternal age, duration of Diabetes m...
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to study the incidence and causes of acute rejection (AR) on cadaveric renal transplants under cyclosporine A-based immunosuppression, and to investigate the AR effect on the ocurrence of chronic dysfunction (CD) and on the outcome of transplantation. METHODS: We analyzed 794 renal transplants from cadaver donor between December, 1985 and December, 1999. We examined the major donor, recipient and graft-related factors and their influence in graft outcome. The diagnosis of AR was in 65% based in clinical and laboratorial findings: fever, decrease of diuresis, graft pain and/or strained and a serum creatinine increase of at least 0,4 mg/dl, and in 35% the diagnosis of AR was biopsy-proven. Statistics included univariate and multivariate analysis. Graft and patient survival rates were calculated by Ka...
OBJECTIVE: The Pediatric Portuguese Society of Endocrinology and Diabetology established in 2001 a Study Group with the aim of investigate glycemic control, prevalence of microvascular complications and modalities of treatments in type1 diabetic patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cases for registration were those who were born between June 1, 1979 and June 1, 2001 (until 22 yr of age). A front sheet was constructed to record, age at diabetes diagnosis, diabetes duration, presence or absence of diabetes microvascular complications, HbA1c, number of capillary glycemic tests per week and type of insulin treatment. RESULTS: Twenty-two Hospitals participated and a total of 1009 patients were registered. The mean age was 13.6 yr+/-4.7, mean age at diabetes diagnosis 8.4 yr+/-4.4, and diabetes duration 5.2 yr+/-3.95. Diagnosis of diabetes wa...
The perioperative management of diabetic patients implies glicemic normalization before, during and after the procedure. Insulin therapy is always necessary when general anesthesia is considered, and in most cases of epidural analgesia. When ambulatory surgery is envisaged, the usual hypoglycemic treatment can be maintained, provided that a sufficiently good metabolic control is documented. The pathophysiological mechanisms for insulin-resistance in these situations are reviewed, as are the procedures for general clinical evaluation of the patient. The estimation of insulin needs, the problems related with the suspension of oral antidiabetic drugs and the description of the most usual schemes of intensive insulin therapy (namely those of continuous intravenous insulin infusion) are also detailed.
INTRODUCTION: The c-erb2 proto-oncogene is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family and has been associated with a more aggressive breast tumour biology and resistance to some types of treatments. AIMS: To evaluate the prognostic value of c-erb-2 receptor, from primary breast cancer on tamoxifen therapy. METHODS: We examined 66 paraffin-embedded sections from primary breast cancers. Patients were treated with surgery plus adjuvant treatment with tamoxifen; 58% had also received chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Membrane staining for c-erb-2 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and overall survival and relapse-free survival were compared between positives and negatives for c-erb-2. RESULTS: 43,9% of tumours over expressed c-erb-2 receptor, but this was not associated with a worse prognosis on overall survival either on r...
Human lens membranes contain the highest cholesterol content of any known biological membrane. Although cholesterol is prone to oxidation, the presence of its oxidation products in human cataract has not been shown before. This study was designed to investigate the presence of cholesterol oxides in human cataractous lenses. Human clear lenses (n = 48) were obtained from Coimbra University Hospital Eye Bank. Human cataracts (n = 54) were obtained by routine extracapsular surgery. Cholesterol oxides were isolated by solid-phase extraction on a C18 cartridge and quantified as TMS-ether derivatives by gas chromatography. The extraction procedure allows for an efficient recovery of the major cholesterol oxides, while retaining virtually all cholesterol. Exposure of membranes isolated from transparent human lenses to the free radical generat...
Want to know more?If you want to know more about this cutting edge product, or schedule a demonstration on your own organisation, please feel free to contact us or read the available documentation at http://www.keep.pt/produtos/retrievo/?lang=en