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Buddhadasa Bhukkis called his vision of the nibbanic society, "Dhammic Socialism." For him, Dhammic Socialism expressed two basic facts. One is that people are inevitably and inescapably social beings who must live together in a form of society that gives priority to the ways we inter-relate, work together, and help each other solve the problems and dukkha of life. Thus, the principle of right relationship or right inter-relatedness is the heart of such a society. The author understood such forms of society to be the meaning of Socialism, which may differ from the understanding of political scientists and Marxists.
Im Laufe der vorliegenden Arbeit sollen mehrere Themen und Bereiche abgedeckt werden. Zum einen soll eine Ein- und Wertschätzung einer interdisziplinären, theoretischen Diskussion unternommen werden, die besonders in den Fächern Ethnologie und Soziologie Bestand hat und es mittlerweile zu einer Art Subdisziplin geschafft hat, die Rede ist von embodiment. Wie zu zeigen sein wird, fallen hierunter verschiedenste Ansätze, denen gemein ist, den Körper, körperliches Verhalten und Zustände in einen Zusammenhang zu kulturellen Aspekten zu setzen. Zum anderen soll in Bezug auf die Ethnologie Südasiens im allgemeinen und in Bezug auf Diskussionen um das 'Wesen' oder um mögliche Theorien des in Südasien zu findenden Kastensystems ein kritischer Überblick geliefert werden. Kein anderes Thema erscheint als so konstant das Hauptaugenmerk von Ethnol...
This document provides diffenet views to Kamma. The first part is an introduction by Ajahn Buddhadas. Following by a section which explains Kamma teachings in Buddha's words. The appendix part contains describtions of differences to other Buddhist teachings, including the Anatta.
To describe and interpret the linguistic situation in Northern India in the second and the early first millennium B.C. is a difficult undertaking. We cannot yet read and interpret the Indus script with any degree of certainty, and we do not even know the language(s) underlying these inscriptions. In this paper, attention is limited to the names found in the northern part of South Asia for which the evidence is earliest and most copious.
This essay has an unusual protagonist: a language that comes to be transformed into an object of love and devotion, producing in the process an unusual visual presence for a spoken tongue. I write of Tamil, a language that currently counts more than 70 million speakers in India and Sri Lanka, and in Singapore, Malaysia, and other parts of the global South Asian diaspora. With a deep and complex history on the subcontinent rivaled only by Sanskrit, Tamil inspired the praise and adoration of many of its speakers from its early recorded literary history traceable back to the opening years of the first millennium of the common era. In the later half of the nineteenth century in colonial India, this admiration intensified to the point that the language was imagined as a mother/goddess variously referred to as Tamilttay, Tamil Annai, and Tam...
The focus of the present study is directed at the nexus between individual remembrance and national versions of history as developed in the literary genre of the Indo-English novel of Partition. The initial thesis of this examination implies that this genre serves as a medium for the fictional representation of memory of the Partition of India in 1947. The concerned novels thereby accomplish a twofold potential: first, they stage individual traumata in a fictional world, and second, undermine the official versions of history of India and Pakistan in a critical way. This functionalizing of the novels reflects the double ‚amnesia’, which Partition underlies in the extra-literary memorial culture: the repression of personal memory of violence and loss, in particular that of women, and the censoring of the complexity of the process of Part...
After the decline and disintegration of Vijayanagar Empire many backward class people assumed the power in their Paleyapattus as Paleyagars. These Paleyagars belonged to different castes or professional classes. These people were hunters, shepherds, pottery makers and also other professions they followed. They were successful in their attempt to establish their power by taking advantage of the anarchy after the decline of Vijayanagar Empire. Among all the backward classes it is quite interesting that the farming class or the cultivator class or the agricultural family was able to establish their rule at Yalahanka Nadu and they were also called Kempegowda family of Bengaluru and they had their capital at Magadi and also Bangalore the present capital of Karnataka. They were belonged to Morasu vokkaliga family or the people engaged in the...
Anapanasati is a form of meditation practiced and taught by the Buddha. In this publication Bhikkhu Buddhadasa introduce in the 16 parts of Anapanasati Sutta. It is a deep and detailed exploration of Insight Meditation based on the Anapanasati Sutta.
Im Mittelpunkt dieser Arbeit soll etwas stehen, was im Allgemeinen als überaus normal betrachtet wird: Erinnerung. Als alltäglicher Begleiter des Menschen stellt sie das Werkzeug dar, mit dem dieser auf seine Vergangenheit zugreifen und so Orientierung in Gegenwart und Zukunft finden kann. Mit jeder Sekunde verronnener Zeit wächst der Umfang jener Empfindungen, die potenziell zu Erinnerungen werden können. Es werden jedoch – eine interessante Auffälligkeit in diesem Prozess – längst nicht alle Wahrnehmungen gleich zu Erinnerungen, im Gegenteil: Trotz der enormen Speicherkapazität des menschlichen Gehirns werden nur bestimmte Erinnerungen "aufbewahrt". In den ersten Abschnitten dieser Arbeit soll es darum gehen, welche Prozesse der Erinnerungsbildung für die Untersuchung historischer Fragestellungen von Bedeutung sein können. Ein besond...
Over the years, a number of linguists have expressed reservations about many of the assumptions underlying this view, and in this paper the author examine both the orthodox view and various alternatives to it. The paper begins with a discussion of what it might mean to say that two languages are genetically related. Michael Noonan follows this with a discussion of models of genetic relatedness, paying special attention to the widely-accepted family tree model and the assumptions that underlie it. Then he considers various outcomes of language contact and discuss what sorts of models of genetic relatedness these are most compatible with. Lastly, he addresses the topic of speciation – the creation of new languages – and language contact.
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