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Indisputably valued in contemporary times, the short story proves that, despite the frequently claimed crisis of narrative, the taste of telling (and reading) tales hasn’t faded at all. As one would expect, the practice of this short narrative form requires a theoretical approach that, while pointing out invariant generic features, also accounts for the configurations that the short story takes on presently. Whether in relation to contemporary or to past writers, the affinities of the genre to lyrical poetry are usually emphasized in all short story theories. That being the case, when it becomes poetic, we could assert, following in Jorge Luís Borges’s footsteps, that telling a tale is also singing it. Keywords: short narrative, theory, lyric, short story, chant.
Under the same literary genre, i.e. the short story, in this article we introduce five writers whose works are akin in terms of time and space, symbolic representation, gradation in ideological representation and characters depicted. Keywords: Portuguese short story, realism, regional writers.
The present study explores David Mourão-Ferreira’s theory of the short story, such as it was formulated in the “decalogue” included in the preface to Os Amantes e Outros Contos. Therefore, we take a look at part of the author’s critical and literary work. Keywords: David Mourão-Ferreira, short story theory; “decalogue”.
Apart from a short description of the dit and the lai, in this paper we intend to gather a number of French texts belonging to these genres and show their affinities with the medieval forms of the short story. With this purpose in mind we referred, in particular, to the Dit de Freire Denize Le Cordelier, of Rutebeuf and the Dit de L’Empereur Coustant. Keywords: Dit, Lai, Rutebeuf, Medieval literature, Medieval French literature.
The book A Casa do Fim by young writer José Riço Direitinho is made up of ten short and independent stories, stories of life and, above all, of death, played by unusual characters. The writer shapes a strongly rural fictional universe, where he mingles what is real and what is fantastic. A Casa do Fim is a structurally and semantically fractured story, where deep wisdom and ancestral habits are passed on from mother to daughter. The son atones for the sins of the father, and suicide is shown to be a fatal necessity. Keywords: Portuguese literature, short story, José Riço Direitinho, A Casa do Fim.
Nuno de Montemor shapes his storyline by placing rural characters in a community village. The characteristics of their customs and lifestyle are mainly conveyed through their actions, giving special emphasis to their solidarity and generosity. Keywords: Nuno de Montemor, short story, Júlio Dinis, Junqueiro, exemplarity, comunitarianism, style.
The intention of this paper is to suggest some reading guidelines of some eighteenth century Portuguese “chapbooks”. It’s our purpose to see them as a reflection and a continuation of traditional oral culture (where the literary short story has its own origin) as well as predecessors of literary (and printing) practices that shape the so-called “mass literature”. Keywords: Narrative, Short Story, Chapbooks, Oral and Popular Literature, Mass literature, Monsters.
In Contos do Gin-Tonic and Novos Contos do Gin (1973), the narrative tension shapes the structure and the reading act of the short short story, which are in fact mutually dependent. It is precisely in the short story’s cohesive miniature that Mário-Henrique Leiria finds the most powerful and sarcastic means of subverting power. Key-words: short short story; narrative tension; nonsense; black humour.
After the presentation of the short stories volume for children, “Estranhões e Bizarrocos”, written by José Eduardo Agualusa, we will show that the apparent parody as well as other procedures of textual transformation help to define a complex model of Fantastic Literature, suitable for children and adults alike. We also refer to the contribution given by the very beautiful illustrations included, complementing the written text. Keywords: stereotype, children, fantasy, parody, pastiche, recurrence, transformation, metamorphosis, illustration.
In her short story «Uma Galinha», Clarice Lispector taking a simple storyline as point of departure, succeeds in building up a complex and seductive literary text. Keywords: Clarice Lispector, short story, Brazilian literature.
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