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This policy contribution summarises a communication entitled “A policy insight into the R&D-patent relationship” presented at Industry Canada in their Distinguished Speakers in Economics Series, Ottawa, Canada, 18 April, 2008. It argues that the number of priority filings should be used as a patent-based measure of Europe’s innovation performance. It also identifies several policies that may affect the R&D-patent relationship. Patent-based indicators at the country level are frequently used to assess countries’ innovation performance or effort. Yet they are often said to reflect the propensity to patent rather than actual research productivity. We argue that patent-based indicators can rightly be used to measure research productivity, as witnessed by the influence of several policy tools on the R&D-patent relationship. We also put forw...
The EU constitutes a supranational policy-making jurisdiction that has moved decisively into the maritime transport policy field. A variety of maritime interests has identified a new level of power with the EU decision-making process and has re-targeted its lobbying strategies in order to influence the Common Maritime Transport Policy (CMTP). This article examines the patterns and the capabilities of this mobilisation. The first part focuses on the structures of these Euro-groups. Then, the analysis turns on the lobbying practices of these interests groups in the context of the EU co-decision process of policy-making. The final part weighs the extent that the ‘EU environment’ and the ‘economic environment’ assist, or undermine, the governability of these lobbying activities and their capacity to be coherent policy actors that serve the...
In its Communication of 10 January 2007 on a European energy policy the Commission set three major policy objectives: environmental sustainability, security of supply and competitiveness. These objectives were backed by the European Spring Council in March 2007. The Council gave the mandate to the Commission to develop the policy instruments necessary to meet them.
The ENP’s strong rhetoric in terms of the promotion of normative values, or “milieu goals”, has stimulated an interest in the academic community for the argument that the EU is somehow a “normative power”. This brief article will, however, sustain that the many contradictions inherent in the multifaceted EU’s foreign policy conducted in the Union’s relations with neighbouring countries make it difficult, for the time being, to fully concur with the assertion that the Union is a normative power.
Jakob von Weizsäcker and Etienne Wasmer argue that the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund should focus its expenditures on wage insurance and mobility allowances for trade displaced workers.
In a special edition of Reflets & Perspectives entitled "Réformer sans tabous. 10 questions pour la Belgique de demain", Jean Pisani-Ferry discusses policies related to employment, salary and job security.
Over the last five years, average GDP growth has been 1.3% in the euro area, against 2.3% in the UK and 2.6% in the US. It is widely recognised that the growth performance of the euro area cannot be deemed satisfactory and that continuation of current trends could undermine public confidence in the single currency.
In this working paper, Xavier Debrun, Jean Pisani-Ferry and André Sapir explore the relationships between government size and output volatility. Whilst government size contributes to macroeconomic stabilisation, the slow down in output volatility of the 1980s and 90s was due more to a combination of monetary policy improvements and financial developments. That this decline was especially pronounced in small-government countries showed a reduction in the variance of primary income was more important than government transfers and that other channels of stabilisation were available for small-government countries. For most countries in the euro area, the impact of a marginal change in the size of government is bound to be small.
Paper prepared for a lecture at the Indian Centre for Research on International Economic Relations in New Delhi, 25 November 2005. Jean Pisani-Ferry says that while the US exercises leadership over the entire scope of international economic relations, Europe can be characterised as an ‘accidental player’ whose international behaviour lacks consistency.
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