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The upper ocean circulation in the sub-polar northeast Atlantic has been a challenge to quantify due to strong and variable wind-forcing, and strong and variable deep currents that lead to large uncertainties in the use of the standard dynamical method. Since 1999 we have been operating an acoustical Doppler current profiler on a container vessel that operates between Denmark and Greenland to repeatedly sample upper ocean currents across the northeast Atlantic. Individual transects exhibit a highly energetic mesoscale variability, but ensemble-averaging of the sections reveals a striking organization of the mean field along the Reykjanes Ridge: a distinct southward flow along its eastern slope and two clearly defined peaks with seasonal modulation flowing to the north along its western slope. Higher values of eddy kinetic energy (about...
A trough filled with liquid CO2 located at 3940 m depth has been used as a model system for CO2 deposition on the seafloor. To study the intrinsic properties of the interface between CO2 and seawater a wave maker was used to excite regular plane waves. The frequency (≤2.5 rad/s) and wavelength (20 cm-40 cm) of the waves have been measured, and compare reasonably well with the dispersion relation for deep fluid gravity waves. The shear stability of the interface was investigated by setting the water above the CO2 in motion with a thruster. For shear velocities exceeding νc ≈ 17.6 cm/s the interface became unstable, with breaking waves and CO2 droplets torn from the wave crests. For the sheared system we find that the energy spectrum of the interface variations has a peak for wavelength ≈0.8 cm, meaning that energy absorption is greatest...
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