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Luce Irigaray is a French national, born in Belgium in 1930. Her initial training was undertaken at Louvain, and her earlier work was on Paul Valéry. She then moved into psychology, linguistics and psychoanalysis. The book Speculum formed the substance of her Doctorate of Letters thesis, at the University of Paris VIII. She is a now Director of Research in Philosophy at the National Centre for Scientific Research, Paris. Her network goes far beyond the academic, and her influence in the field of ideas is very widespread, in academic circles, among feminists, and among the thinking public in general. She is a frequent visitor to Italy, and contributes regularly to the newspaper of the Italian Communist Party. Luce Irigaray's recent work takes her to the forefront of psycho-linguistic enquiry, particularly in the area of gender in langu...
State-trait research offers good prospects for new insights into human curiosity. It has already generated development of new scales, and several studies have been undertaken independently in Australia and the United States. This paper critically reviews the development of state [C-State] and trait [C-Trait] curiosity scales, pointing out methodological limitations in the existing state-trait curiosity studies. Specific recommendations are made with the aim of enhancing future research in this area.
A recent higher-order factor analysis of the Cattell, Comrey and Eysenck personality scales by Noller, Law and Comrey (1987) in the J. Person. Soc. Psychol. 53, 775–782 provided a useful account of the number and nature of normal personality-type dimensions measured within the questionnaire, self-report domain. The analyses reported were based on an exemplary sample of Australian adults, matched carefully across sex, age, and social class, thereby providing a sound basis for investigating personality structure. Noller et al. extracted and rotated seven separate factors using procedures suggested by Comrey (A First Course in Factor Analysis. Academic Press, New York, 1973), thereby attaining moderate approximation of the final rotated solution to maximum simple structure. In an attempt to improve on the approximation to simple structure...
A circumcised male has been deprived of a highly specialized, sensitive and erogenous part of his penis that would have served important sensory, sexual and protective functions had it been left in place. Circumcision amputates about 50% of the penile skin system together with its many thousands of highly specialized erogenous nerve endings. The implications of these losses were investigated in the present study by means of a survey of attendees of several men's groups located throughout Queensland. Respondents provided self-report evidence of their experiences as either circumsised or genitally intact males. While no significant differences were found in the rates of prostate disorders between the two groups of men, circumcised males did rate their current level of sexual sensation as significantly less than that indicated by inta...
Two of the best multivariate mood-state scales are the Differential Emotions Scale (DES-IV) and the Eight State Questionnaire (8SQ). Both instruments purportedly measure several different fundamental emotions. In many situations. though the measurement of numerous different mood states may be somewhat time-consuming and inefficient. As fundamental emotions are at the Cattellian source-state level. it would seem useful to elucidate secondary factors at the Eysenckian typological level of analysis. Clearly. a smaller set of mood-type factors would provide greater economy of measurement and administration time. Moreover, delimitation of secondary factors should add to the usefulness and flexibility of the two instruments. The present paper reports a higher-order scale dR-factoring of the 8SQ and DES-1V instruments on a sample of 212 under...
Extract: The Halstead Category Test (HCT) is burdened by excessive length and time of administration. Since it is included in the Halstead-Reitan neurophyschological test battery, and utilized by Russell, Neuringer & Goldsteiin (1970) in their 'key approach', a short form would useful.
Cumulative studies show the prediction of school achievement from personality and dynamic traits to exceed that from abilities alone and to reach, with abilities, a multiple R of 0.7 to 0.8. A study of intellectual learning in a one-hour controlled experimentally-induced aversive situation shows essentially the same personality factors to be involved as in daily life situations, namely Superego (G), Dominance (E) - negatively - and Self-Sentiment (Q3). These findings support the structured learning theory in showing differences in personality structure to contribute significantly to both real-life academic achievement and short-term experimental learning outcomes (albeit under extremely stressful conditions).
Extract:This chapter cannot provide an exhaustive review of the many approaches to personality assessment that are in common use today because of the vast size of the area. With entire books devoted to individual instruments, a brief chapter such as this is necessarily limited in its scope. In particular, the chapter will not address methods of projective personality assessment. Those interested in an introduction to such methods may consult the relevant chapters in books by Groth-Marnat (2003), and Weiner (1997), as well as the commentaries in the Journal of Personality Assessment relating to the use of projective instruments such as the Rorschach Inkblot Test. For a critical perspective, readers may consult, for example, Hunsley, Lee, and Wood (2003).
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