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Performance and efficacy are reciprocally causal; however, the effect of performance on subsequent perceptions of efficacy has received little attention, especially in the context of team training. In addition, the moderating effect of feedback accuracy on the relationship between team performance and team-efficacy is largely unexplored. As such, the objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between team performance and team-efficacy in the context of after-action reviews (AARs). Specifically, this study examined the conjoint influence of (a) the accuracy of performance feedback available to trainees during AARs, and (b) time on the predictive validity of team performance on team-efficacy. Data were obtained from 492 undergraduate students assigned to 123 teams in a 5 hr team training protocol using a 3 (tr...
As equipas nas organizações não constituem uma panaceia para todos os seus problemas dado que algumas equipas são mais eficazes que outras. O que distingue então estas equipas? Mais do que conhecimentos técnicos, as equipas necessitam de possuir competências transversais que lhes permitam ter a adaptabilidade necessária a um contexto em mudança. Devido à escassez de estudos empíricos que relacionem as competências de equipa à eficácia da equipa, esta dissertação propõe um modelo para estudo. Adicionalmente, objectiva realizar o primeiro passo no estudo deste modelo ao validar empiricamente o modelo de competências de equipa proposto pela literatura mais recente. É testado se as competências de equipa possuem três componentes – Atitudes, Comportamentos e Cognições. Neste estudo participaram 1887 indivíduos, pertencentes a 630 equipas de...
Teams in organizations are not a panacea for all their problems because some teams are more effective than others. What distinguishes these teams then? More than technical expertise, the teams need to possess soft skills to enable them to have the necessary adaptability to a changing environment. Due to the scarcity of empirical studies that relate team competencies and team effectiveness, this thesis proposes a model for study. Additionally, we intent to perform the first step in studying this model by empirically validate the model proposed by the most recent literature of team competencies. It is tested if the team competencies have three components - Attitudes, Behaviors and Cognitions. This study involved 1887 individuals from 630 teams in a management competition, having responded to two questionnaires. The measures in ...
This study examines the influence of three components of corporate social responsibility on team performance. In the proposed model of this study, team performance is indirectly affected by three dimensions of perceived corporate citizenship (i.e., economic, legal, and ethical citizenship) via the mediation of team efficacy and team self-esteem. Surveying members of 172 teams confirms most of our hypothesized effects. Our results show that economic citizenship influences team performance via the mediation of both team efficacy and team self-esteem. However, legal citizenship influences team performance via team efficacy alone, whereas ethical citizenship influences team performance only via team self-esteem. We discuss the theoretical and managerial implications of our findings.
O presente estudo visa compreender o papel do bem-estar subjectivo no desempenho das equipas ao longo do tempo. Neste sentido é apresentado um modelo baseado na lógica input-processo-output circular, que apresenta as emoções como característica input e como um resultado, captando assim a perspectiva temporal amplamente negligenciada na literatura (Marks, Mathieu & Zaccaro, 2001). O bem-estar subjectivo como um fenómeno colectivo, passível de ter significado a nível das equipas, é reconceptualizado e fundamentado teoricamente na literatura do contágio emocional e metodologicamente no modelo de composição de consenso directo como forma de guiar o desenvolvimento e validação do constructo proposto (Chan, 1998). Foram utilizadas 50 equipas em contexto de competição. Os resultados corroboraram a existência de contágio emocional positivo, te...
The present study focuses on the role of subjective well-being, regarding teams’ performances during a period of time. In this sense, it is presented a theoretical model supported by a circular input-process-output logic, that embrace emotions as input characteristic and output, which enables to enthral a temporal perspective widely neglect in literature (Marks, Mathieu & Zaccaro, 2001). Subjective well-being is presented as a collective phenomenon with meaning at team level, theoretically supported by emotional contagion literature and methodologically by the direct consensus composition model as a way to guide the development and validation of the proposed construct (Chan, 1998). Fifty teams were measured in a competition context. The results supported the existence of positive emotional contagion. Both performance and emotional con...
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