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Una primera versión de este artículo se presentó en el Seminario "El estudio de la sociabilidad en España, Francia e Italia: líneas de investigación y nuevas perspectivas", que tuvo lugar en la Universidad de Valladolid en noviembre de 2003.
El proceso represivo experimentado por la sociedad guipuzcoana entre 1936 y 1945 supuso una ruptura de la convivencia en un espacio que se había caracterizado por su moderación política a lo largo de la II República. Por este motivo, en el texto, se trata de analizar los distintos tipos de violencia que se produjeron en el territorio tratando de poner de manifiesto las características de cada uno de ellos, su incidencia geográfica y social sin perder de vista el aspecto cuantitativo. Del mismo modo se ponen de manifiesto, a la luz de nuevas fuentes, procesos poco conocidos como el de la represión del clero guipuzcoano o la depuración de la Enseñanza Secundaria entre otros.
En este trabajo se adelantan algunos avances de la tesis doctoral dentro del proyecto que lleva por título El Cambio Cultural y las Actitudes Políticas en España durante los Años Sesenta, que actualmente está desarrollando el autor, gracias a una beca de formación de Personal Docente e Investigador de la Universidad de Alicante. Dicha tesis está dirigida por el profesor Glicerio Sánchez Recio y adscrita al proyecto de investigación mucho más amplio que él dirige, referencia BHA2002-01787, subvencionado por el Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología.
From the 1960s onwards, women began to organized themselves and denounce situations of injustice, while at the same time, the historical memory of women, who had been silenced for a long time, was gradually recovered. In Spain, the birth of the women's movement may be traced to the final decade of the dictatorship and it cannot be separated from the processes of modernization, industrialization and urbanization which began in the 1960s, nor understood outside the political setting in which the struggle for democracy was launched, or outside the social environment in which the neighbourhood movements came into being. Many women, as workers, wives and mothers of workers, took part in organized protests and demonstrations about work-related issues and social problems sparked by gender differences and the sexually based division of work. I...
The Franco regime evolved and some of its essential elements failed to survive their own development. The object of this article is to examine the changes in labour relations, modes of work and the standard of living of Spaniards from the end of the 1950s up to the death of the dictator. These changes brought about new attitudes vis-á-vis the vertically organized trade union, industrial policies, forms of opposition and aspects of everyday life. Lastly, we have sought to combine the use of the existing bibliography with that of primary sources in order to obtain a greater insight into our past.
As the final hour of defeat loomed, thousands of Republican combatants fled towards ports along the Levantine coast to escape repression by sailing into exile. Most of these were trapped in the port of Alicante, after waiting two days for boats which never came. Only the Stanbrook, an old British collier, agreed to take on board around three thousand refugees - men, women and children - a figure that gready exceeded the capacity of the boat, and which forced it to sail below the water line. Following a long, uncertain and dramatic crossing, the boat reached Oran, but after the French authorities refused the passengers permission to disembark, the exhausted emigres had to stay inside the boat in subhuman conditions for nearly a month, until they were finally sent to refugee centres and concentration camps in French Algeria.
This article seeks to explain the cultural phenomenon of the Catalan nova cançó, as well as its importance in the cultural scene of the 1960s and early 1970s. To this end, we focus our attention on its origin, the factors which gave rise to it, and how it later became such an influential movement in the world of Spanish music, creating a new model of singer-songwriter which would spread throughout the country. Furthermore, we examine the political significance that the cançó would acquire after 1968, as a result of Joan Manuel Serrat's refusal to sing in Spanish in the Eurovision Song Contest, which in turn would highlight the continuation of the regime's censorship of Catalan songs. Lastly, this paper explores the role of this movement in promoting cultural change in Spain during the 1960s and 1970s.
The wave of workers' strikes that began at the start of the 1960s and grew in importance during the 1970s may in itself be regarded as a highly significant feature of the crisis of the Franco regime, and if there were many different forms of collective action as well a variety of participants, it must be stressed that of all these means of collective action, the workers' strikes were the most conspicuous both in terms of the large number of participants and their impact on economic life. In this climate of strikes and growing unrest, the dispute that began in the Asturian mining industry in 1962 should be emphasized, since it had a major influence throughout Spain, an example of which would be the industrial disputes that broke out in the mining area and in the Bazán naval construction company in Cartagena, which led to a genuine reviv...
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