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AANLEIDING: Ongeveer 5,6% van de ziekenhuisopnames wordt veroorzaakt door medicatie gerelateerde klachten. De rol van de wijkverpleegkundige in de preventie van medicatie gerelateerde ziekenhuisopnames is nog onduidelijk. Gebrek aan kennis en een ontoereikende houding lijken een risico voor de kwaliteit van de zorgverlening te zijn. DOEL: Kennis en houding van wijkverpleegkundigen ten aanzien van medicatie beschrijven. ONDERZOEKSVRAGEN: Wat is de kennis en houding van wijkverpleegkundigen ten aanzien van medicatie? Verschillen en overeenkomsten van demografische gegeven zijn geanalyseerd. METHODE: Het onderzoek is uitgevoerd onder wijkverpleegkundigen die zijn aangesloten bij een beroepsvereniging. Deze populatie is door middel van een gelegenheidssteekproef getrokken. De respondenten hebben een vragenlijst ingevuld. RESULTATEN: Kennis...
De centrale vraag in dit onderzoek: Wat is de invloed van achtergrondkenmerken op het aantal vrienden gemaakt in de MMORPG en wat is de invloed op de waarde die spelers van MMORPG’s hechten aan de vriendschappen gemaakt in de MMORPG? In dit artikel worden de hypothesen en resultaten gepresenteerd.
Los medios de comunicación de masa influyen sobre la opinión pública, tanto a nivel nacional como internacional, constituyendo un medio persuasivo que permite mantenerse informado sobre distintos sucesos sociales, políticos y económicos. La gran influencia de estos medios de comunicación genera preocupación porque no muestran una realidad global y objetiva, sino que son unilaterales, subjetivos y están sujetos a estrictos objetivos comerciales. No todas las personas o todos los aspectos de un suceso pueden ser representados por los medios, generando una imagen limitada, que puede dar lugar a la creación de estereotipos, por ejemplo la representación del uso y la venta de drogas y la violencia como comportamiento típico de los colombianos. Sin embargo, la formación de imagen no sólo depende de los medios de comunicación, sino también...
The thesis examines the international law pertaining to the use of force by states, in general, and to the use of force in self-defence, in particular. The main question addressed is whether the use of force, which was purported to be in self-defence, by the United States, the United Kingdom and their allies against al Qaeda, the Taliban and Afghanistan, beginning on 7 October 2001, was lawful. The thesis focuses not only on this specific use of force, but also on the changing nature of conflict, the definition of terrorism and on the historical evolution of limitations on the use of force, from antiquity until 2006. In the six chapters which trace the epochs of international law, the progression of five inter-related concepts is followed: limitations on the resort to force generally, the use of force in self-defence, pre-emptive ...
The aim of this thesis was to investigate the effects of a self-directed parent training programme for preschoolers externalising behaviour problems on child and parenting behaviours. The programme used was the Triple P self-help book and DVD. A non-concurrent multiple baseline design across five participants was used to examine changes in preschoolers externalising and prosocial behaviours over time and parents use of behaviour management strategies was also monitored at baseline and throughout using the self-help programme. A pre-post design was used to further test changes in preschoolers externalising behaviours and parents use of ineffective discipline, and to examine changes in parenting knowledge, competence, and depression, anxiety and stress symptoms. Significant and large effect sizes were found for increased prosocial behavi...
The invasion of non-indigenous species is considered to be one of the leading causes of biodiversity loss globally. My research aimed to determine if constructed water bodies (e.g., water supply reservoirs, dams and ponds) were invaded by zooplankton with greater ease than natural water bodies, and whether this was due to a lower biodiversity, and therefore lower 'biotic resistance', in constructed water bodies. Sediment cores were collected from a cross-section of 46 lakes, ponds and reservoirs (23 natural and 23 constructed) throughout the North Island, New Zealand. Diapausing zooplankton eggs were separated from the sediments and hatched to assess species composition and richness. In addition, the distributions of non-indigenous zooplankton were examined to determine if they occurred more frequently in constructed water bodies than ...
Microencapsulation is a technology in which small particles or droplets are entrapped by a coating to give the particles with many useful properties. Microcapsules have been used to protect the encapsulated material from the environmental conditions or to release the active agent in a sustained and controlled manner into the surrounding medium. This thesis investigated how to develop a post-ruminal delivery system based on polymeric microencapsulation. A major criterion was to develop microcapsules with reversible switching in response to changes of pH in the in vivo environment so contents could be released. The microcapsules must have a thin shell strong enough to withstand harsh physical conditions and a large hollow centre, which will maximise drug-carrying capacity. Two processes were developed to manufacture pH-responsive microca...
This thesis presents a case study of the potential impacts of pilgrimage and religious tourism in a Catholic context, with a focus on the perspectives of visitors and the host monastic community. The selected research site is the Tyburn Monastery, the only monastery and retreat centre in the Hamilton Catholic Diocese in New Zealand. The monastery is situated in the North Island near Rotorua, a tourist destination in New Zealand that is well known for its geo- thermal activity, adventure sports and promotion of the indigenous Maori culture. Specifically, this thesis studies visitors’ motivations and experiences for visiting the monastery, and the potential impact these visitors have on the monastery and on the monastic community. To achieve this end, and adopting a mixed methods research approach, 22 semi-structured interviews were cond...
Central to communication are acts of reference, in which speakers clarify to hearers the identity of specific individuals (referents) through the use of referring expressions. Consequently, pragmatic competence in referring is likely to be an important skill for second language learners (SLLs). One of the complexities that speakers face is that the most appropriate referring expression (RE) on one occasion may be entirely inappropriate for that same individual on a different occasion. To explore pragmatic appropriateness in the use of REs, two approaches appear particularly apt. Firstly, Accessibility Theory (Ariel, 1990) holds that speakers select an RE type based on their best estimate of how recoverable the referent is in the addressee’s memory. Secondly, acts of reference may be most helpfully viewed as occurring across discoursal ...
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