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The HD Tree is a novel data structure, which was recently proposed by Yunfeng Gu to support multi-dimensional range queries in a distributed environment. My thesis work is a follow-up to the research on the HD Tree. It focuses on the basic routing strategies in order to support multi-dimensional range queries in the HD Tree. There are two basic routing strategies supported by the HD Tree data structure: hierarchical routing and distributed routing. Hierarchical routing is an adapted version of routing in the tree structure, while distributed routing is a novel routing strategy built over the distributed structure of the HD Tree in order to accommondate the distributed environment. Hierarchical routing can be applied to any source and destination pair in the HD Tree, but results in a massive work load on nodes near the root. It also has...
We have developed a new class of adenovirus vectors that selectively replicate in tumor cells. The vector design is based on our recent observation that a variety of human tumor cell lines support DNA replication of adenovirus vectors with deletions of the E1A and E1B genes, whereas primary human cells or mouse liver cells in vivo do not. On the basis of this tumor-selective replication, we developed an adenovirus system that utilizes homologous recombination between inverted repeats to mediate precise rearrangements within the viral genome resulting in replication-dependent activation of transgene expression in tumors (Ad.IR vectors). Here, we used this system to achieve tumor-specific expression of adenoviral wild-type E1A in order to enhance viral DNA replication and spread within tumor metastases. In vitro DNA replication and cytot...
Cancer gene therapy requires tumor-specific delivery and expression of a transgene to maximize antitumor efficacy and minimize side effects. In this study, we developed a new tumor-targeting, homologous recombination-based adenovirus vector system, HRAVS. HRAVS is composed of two adenovirus vectors, Ad.CMV.IR containing reverse sequence (IR) and a CMV promoter and Ad.IR.EGFP comprising the report gene EGFP and IR. For improved viral DNA replication and transgene expression, the E1a gene was added to HRAVS to generate the enhanced HRAVS, EHRAVS, which consists of Ad.CMV.IR and Ad.IR.EGFP/E1a. The optimal vector composition ratio of Ad.CMV.IR to Ad.IR.EGFP or Ad.IR.EGFP/E1a was identified as 30:70 based on EGFP expression efficiency in tumor cells. The transgene expression of HRAVS and EHRAVS was efficiently and specifically activated in...
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