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We discuss the recent progress in our understanding of neutrino flavour conversion in core-collapse supernovae and focus on the effects coming from the neutrino-neutrino interaction. The latter has been shown to engender new phenomena, modifying significantly the neutrino fluxes and supernova observations. In particular, we make the link between the spectral split and the magnetic resonance phenomenon. Moreover, recent investigations have demonstrated the existence of leptonic CP violation effects on the supernova neutrino fluxes. We summarize these findings.
One of the major open issues in neutrino physics is the possible existence of CP violation in the neutrino sector. Such an observation would have an important impact in various domains of physics, from high energy physics to cosmology. Its search requires future accelerator neutrino facilities producing intense and pure neutrino beams such as “beta-beams”. Here we review the different beta-beam scenarios proposed so far and discuss the present status, with a particular emphasis on the original baseline scenario and its feasibility. Alternative strategies for the CP violation search are to be pursued as well. A possibility is to search for CP violation effects in astrophysical environments. Here we present recent analytical and numerical results obtained in the context of core-collapse supernovae. In particular, we point out the conditi...
Neutrino scattering at low energies is essential for a variety of timely applications potentially having fundamental implications, e.g. unraveling unknown neutrino properties, such as the third neutrino mixing angle, the detection of the diffuse supernova neutrino background, or of cosmological neutrinos and furnishing a new constraint to double-beta decay calculations. Here we discuss some applications, the present status and the perspectives.
Neutrino physics is traversing an exciting period, after the important discovery that neutrinos are massive particles, that has implications from high-energy physics to cosmology. A new method for the production of intense and pure neutrino beams has been proposed recently: the ``beta-beam''. It exploits boosted radioactive ions decaying through beta-decay. This novel concept has been the starting point for a new possible future facility. Its main goal is to address the crucial issue of the existence of CP violation in the lepton sector. Here we review the status and the recent developments with beta-beams. We discuss the original, the medium and high-energy scenarios as well as mono-chromatic neutrino beams produced through ion electron-capture. The issue of the degeneracies is mentioned. An overview of low energy beta-beams is also p...
We describe the importance of having low-energy (10-100 MeV) neutrino beams produced through the decay of boosted radioactive ions (``beta-beams''). We focus on the interest for neutrino-nucleus interaction studies and their impact for astrophysics, nuclear and particle physics. In particular, we discuss the relation to neutrinoless double-beta decay. Finally, we mention the status as far as the feasibility of low-energy beta-beams is concerned.
We propose to use charged-current neutrino-nucleus interactions as a probe of the many virtual transitions involved in neutrinoless double-beta decay. By performing neutrino and anti-neutrino interaction studies on the initial and final nucleus respectively, one can get information on the two branches involved in the double-beta decay process. The measurement of such reactions could help to further constrain double-beta decay predictions on the half-lives.
Comment: 8 pages, 1 table, 5 figures, Proceedings of "13th Lomonosov Conference on Elementary Particle Physics"
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