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This paper describes an aerogel threshold particle identification detector developed for use in BABAR, the experiment to be run at the asymmetric e+e- B-factory PEP-II under construction at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). Results of extensive tests performed at the CERN PS indicate that this detector is capable of separating pions from below-threshold particles in a wide momentum range. The detector is read by a new version of a hybrid photon detector (HPD). The HPD has been chosen because of its excellent behavior in high magnetic fields, where it can be successfully exploited to preserve the required particle identification (PID) performance
The BaBar Drift Chamber is now under construction. We review its design, the progress in the construction of the components, the plan for assembly and stringing and we present test results obtained with a prototype exposed at SLAC to cosmic rays. We also report on projected dE/dx performance from beam tests done with a chamber with a different cell design.
The central drift chamber for the BaBar detector at the PEP-II B-factory at SLAC is a cylindrical chamber with a length of 280 cm and outer radius of 81 cm. It consists of 40 layers of small hexagonal cells arranged in 10 axial and stereo super layers. In order to minimize multiple scattering, light materials are used for the mechanical structure, and the gas mixture is helium based. The pulse height and timing electronics are mounted directly on the chamber rear end plate. A full-length prototype of the BaBar drift chamber has been built. The analysis of cosmic-ray events measures the spatial resolution averaged in the cell to be 130 μm and the dE/dx resolution to be 6.8%, meeting the performance goals for the BaBar central tracker. The mechanical assembly and stringing of the chamber was completed in December 1997 and the de...
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