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Lagunamides A (1) and B (2) are new cyclic depsipeptides isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula obtained from Pulau Hantu Besar, Singapore. The planar structural characterization of these molecules was achieved by extensive spectroscopic analysis, including 2D NMR experiments. In addition to Marfey’s method and 3JH−H coupling constant values, a modified method based on Mosher’s reagents and analysis using LC-MS was deployed for the determination of the absolute configuration. Lagunamides A and B displayed significant antimalarial properties, with IC₅₀ values of 0.19 and 0.91 μM, respectively, when tested against Plasmodium falciparum. Lagunamides A and B also possessed potent cytotoxic activity against P388 murine leukemia cell lines, with IC₅₀ values of 6.4 and 20.5 nM, respectively. Furthermore, these cyanobacteri...
Chemical investigation of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula from Pulau Hantu Besar, Singapore, has led to the isolation of a cyclodepsipeptide, hantupeptin A (1). The planar structure of 1 was assigned on the basis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic experiments. The absolute configuration of the amino and hydroxyl acid residues in the molecule was determined by application of the advanced Marfey method, chiral HPLC analysis, and Mosher’s method. Hantupeptin A showed cytotoxicity to MOLT-4 leukemia cells and MCF-7 breast cancer cells with IC50 values of 32 and 4.0 µM, respectively.
Hantupeptins B (2) and C (3) were isolated, along with the previously reported hantupeptin A (1), from the marine cyanobacterium, Lyngbya majuscula, collected from Pulau Hantu Besar, Singapore. Their structures were elucidated by interpretation of extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data. Compounds 2 and 3 are cyclic depsipeptides consisting of five α-amino/hydroxy acid residues, including phenyllactic acid, proline, N-methyl-valine, valine, N-methyl-isoleucine, and a β-hydroxy acid unit with different degrees of unsaturation at the terminal end of each molecule. The absolute configurations of the common amino acids and phenyllactic acid were determined by the advanced Marfey’s and chiral HPLC analyses, respectively. The complete stereochemistry of 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-7-octynoic acid moiety in hantupeptin A was elucidated by a combina...
Tropical filamentous marine cyanobacteria have emerged as a viable source of novel bioactive natural products for drug discovery and development. In the present study, aplysiatoxin (1), debromoaplysiatoxin (2) and anhydrodebromoaplysiatoxin (3), as well as two new analogues, 3-methoxyaplysiatoxin (4) and 3-methoxydebromoaplysiatoxin (5), are reported for the first time from the marine cyanobacterium Trichodesmium erythraeum. The identification of the bloom-forming cyanobacterial strain was confirmed based on phylogenetic analysis of its 16S rRNA sequences. Structural determination of the new analogues was achieved by extensive NMR spectroscopic analysis and comparison with NMR spectral data of known compounds. In addition, the antiviral activities of these marine toxins were assessed using Chikungunya virus (CHIKV)-infected cells. Post...
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