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Comment: 7 pages, 7 figures
In this work we investigate operation in the Geiger mode of the new single photon avalanche photo diode (SPAD) SAP500 manufactured by Laser Components. This SPAD is sensitive in the range 400-1000nm and has a conventional reach-through structure which ensures good quantum efficiency at the long end of the spectrum. By use of passive and active quenching schemes we investigate detection efficiency, timing jitter, dark counts, afterpulsing, gain and other important parameters and compare them to the "standard" low noise SPAD C30902SH from Perkin Elmer. We conclude that SAP500 offers better combination of detection efficiency, low noise and timing precision.
Comment: revtex, 4 pages with 2 figures, title revised, minor changes, matches version to appear in Phys. Rev. D
Comment: 4 pages, latex, revtex source, 1 postscript figure included, Title revised, some references added and expanded discussion. Version accepted by Phys. Lett. B
This note describes the construction of a target for neutrino interactions composed of passive boron carbide plates interleaved with silicon microstrip detectors. The target contains four layers of passive material with a total mass of 45 kg and 600 single-sided silicon microstrip detectors with a total surface of 1.14 m2 distributed over five layers. It is installed in the NOMAD spectrometer at the CERN SPS neutrino beam. During the 1997 run about 8000νμ charged current interactions were estimated to have occurred in the target. For these events it will be possible to perform a precise measurement of both vertex and kinematical variables. This will provide invaluable experience towards the construction of a future large-scale silicon tracker for neutrino oscillation experiments.
This note describes the performance of modules assembled with up to 12 silicon microstrip detectors. These modules were built for the instrumented Silicon Target (STAR) that has been installed in the NOMAD spectrometer. Laboratory and test beam results are compared with model predictions. For a module of nine detectors, test beam results indicate a signal-to-noise ratio of 19, a hit finding efficiency of 99.8% and a spatial resolution of 6.0 μm. Laboratory measurements indicate that modules of twelve detectors exhibit a signal-to-noise ratio of the order of 16.
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