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Comment: EP2DS-17 Proceedings, 3 Pages, 3 Figures
We measure current by counting single electrons tunneling through an InAs nanowire quantum dot. The charge detector is realized by fabricating a quantum point contact in close vicinity to the nanowire. The results based on electron counting compare well to a direct measurements of the quantum dot current, when taking the finite bandwidth of the detector into account. The ability to detect single electrons also opens up possibilities for manipulating and detecting individual spins in nanowire quantum dots.
Nonlinear electrical properties of graphene-based three-terminal nanojunctions are presented. Intrinsic rectification of voltage is observed up to room temperature. The sign and the efficiency of the rectification can be tuned by a gate. Changing the charge carrier type from holes to electrons results in a change of the rectification sign. At a bias < 20mV and at a temperature below 4.2K the sign and the efficiency of the rectification are governed by universal conductance fluctuations.
Low-temperature experiments are performed on novel nanoscale nonlinear devices (ballistic rectifiers) as well as nano-structured artificial materials, fabricated from an InP/InGaAs quantum well wafer. A DC output is generated between the lower and upper contacts of these devices, when an AC voltage is applied between the left and right contacts. As the temperature is lowered from room temperature, the DC output voltage of the ballistic rectifiers gradually changes from negative to positive. Since the negative output at high temperatures has been well understood in the framework of the classical ballistic electron transport, our results indicate that the electron transport comes into a new physical regime at low temperatures. Furthermore, we find that at even lower temperatures, the devices generate a pronounced oscillatory output as ...
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