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Este estudo procurou avaliar o ajustamento psicológico no processo de decisão de IVG e explorar algumas variáveis individuais que possam influenciar positiva ou negativamente o ajustamento a esta decisão reprodutiva. A amostra, recolhida na Consulta de Gravidez Indesejada da Maternidade Dr. Alfredo da Costa, é constituída por 150 mulheres, com recurso a instrumentos de auto-resposta: Escala de Ansiedade, Depressão e Stress (EADS), Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social (ESSS), Escala de Avaliação das Emoções (EAS), Escala de Conflito na Decisão (ECD) e Questionário de Valores e Crenças (QVC). Dos nossos resultados destacamos que as participantes consideram esta decisão difícil e emocionalmente exigente, apesar de identificarem uma baixa conflitualidade na decisão. Encontram-se ajustadas psicologicamente no momento de decisão de IVG,...
We examined the categorical nature of emotion word recognition. Positive, negative, and neutral words were presented in lexical decision tasks. Word frequency was additionally manipulated. In Experiment 1, "positive" and "negative" categories of words were implicitly indicated by the blocked design employed. A significant emotion–frequency interaction was obtained, replicating past research. While positive words consistently elicited faster responses than neutral words, only low frequency negative words demonstrated a similar advantage. In Experiments 2a and 2b, explicit categories ("positive," "negative," and "household" items) were specified to participants. Positive words again elicited faster responses than did neutral words. Responses to negative words, however, were no different than those to neutral words, regardless of their freq...
Subjects read sentences containing target words that were homophones (words with a single pronunciation but different spellings) while their eye movements were recorded. A prime word was presented briefly at the onset of fixation on the target region. The prime for a given target (e.g., beach) was either identical to the target (beach), a phonologically similar word (the homophone beech), a visually similar nonhomophone (bench), or a dissimilar word (noise). Phonological priming effects were assessed by comparing fixation times on the target when it was preceded by the homophone versus the visually similar word. Results suggest that phonological codes are automatically activated during eye fixations in reading.
ABSTRACT: This article present the Portuguese version of The Mother and Baby Scales (Wolke, 1995). The MABS was developed to assess the mother's confidence in the care of baby, in particular, assesses the negative emotions of newborns and their behaviors alert, and perceptions of parents about their confidence providing care to the baby. The original version of the instrument divides in two major areas “Your baby and your feelings” and “Feeding of my baby” and it’s constituted by 64-items distributed by 8-sub-scales. The evaluation of the psychometric properties was done from sample of 430 mothers. The 8 factor model showed a poor fit to the variance-covariance matrix of scale’s items (X2/df=2.69; CFI=0.68; GFI=0.71; TLI=0.66; RMSEA=0.06; P(RMSEA<=0.05)<0.001). To improve the factorial validity of the 8 factor structure, items with fac...
Although gossip serves several important social functions, it has relatively infrequently been the topic of systematic investigation. In two experiments, we advance a cognitive-informational approach to gossip. Specifically, we sought to determine which informational components engender gossip. In Experiment 1, participants read brief passages about other people and indicated their likelihood to share this information. We manipulated target familiarity (celebrity, non-celebrity) and story interest (interesting, boring). While participants were more likely to gossip about celebrity than non-celebrity targets and interesting than boring stories, they were even more likely to gossip about celebrity targets embedded within interesting stories. In Experiment 2, we additionally probed participants' reactions to the stories concerning emotion...
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