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A very high resolution radiometer is reported that produces visible and infrared images onboard meteorological satellites. The device has a visible and an infrared channel, a resolution in both spectral bands of 0.9260 kilometers from a 1460 kilometer polar orbit, and scans from horizon to horizon. A two stage radiant cooler with cooled outer housing permits operation in the 100 degrees kelvin range.
Landsats 4 and 5, the latest in the series of unmanned earth observation satellites, are used as the space platform for two remote sensing, mechanical scanning instruments: the multispectral scanner (MSS) and the recently developed thematic mapper (TM). The primary objective of the experimental portion of the Landsat 4 and 5 missions is to assess the capability of the TM to provide improved information relative to the MSS.The higher spatial resolution of the TM over the MSS requires a higher degree of flight segment attitude stability than the earlier Landsats; therefore, a more stable, low-orbit space platform must be provided. This paper describes the orbital, electrical, mechanical, and thermal characteristics of Landsat 4 and 5 flight segment with special emphasis on the TM and MSS interfaces. Also described are flight segment dist...
We report the results of a study of the electronic properties of the AlAs–GaAs interface using the tight‐binding method. The tight‐binding matrix for the superlattice system is used in the limit in which the thickness of the repeated superlattice slab becomes large. This system is studied in detail with special emphasis placed on the determination of interface states. No interface states with energies within the GaAs forbidden gap are found. The densities of states per layer are calculated and compared with bulk densities of states. They resemble the bulk densities of states except for layers adjacent to the interface.
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This paper describes Landsat-4 sensors, spacecraft disturbances, and the methodology used to correct Thematic Mapper (TM) images. The discussion includes system requirements, mathematical modeling, in-orbit angular motion measurement, Fast Fourier Transformer (FFT) data analysis, and scan system correction. Emphasis is given to the cause and effect of the electromechanical disturbances beginning with the scan mirror and its interaction and sensitivity to externally and self-generated disturbances. Ground-testing results are compared with those obtained in orbit.
In this paper we consider a new superlattice system consisting of alternating layers of CdTe and HgTe constructed parallel to the (001) zincblende plane. The tight‐binding method is used to calculate the electronic properties of this system, in particular, band edge and interface properties. The energy gap as a function of layer thickness is determined. It is found to decrease monotonically with increasing HgTe layer thickness for a fixed ratio of CdTe to HgTe layer thicknesses. The symmetry of the valence band maximum state is found to change at certain HgTe layer thicknesses. This is explained by relating the superlattice states to bulk CdTe and HgTe states. The existence of interface states is investigated for the superlattice with 12 layers of CdTe alternating with 12 of HgTe. Interface states are found near the boundaries of the B...
The relative lineup of the band structures of the two constituents of a semiconductor superlattice can cause charge carriers to be confined. This occurs when the energy of a superlattice state is located in an allowed energy region of one of the constituents (the "well" semiconductor), but in the band gap of the other (the "barrier" semiconductor). A charge carrier will tend to be confined in the layers made from the semiconductor with the allowed region at that energy. It will have an exponentially decaying amplitude to be found in the semiconductor with a band gap at that energy.
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