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The Kondo effect and superconductivity are both prime examples of many-body phenomena. Here we report transport measurements on a carbon nanotube quantum dot coupled to superconducting leads that show a delicate interplay between both effects. We demonstrate that the superconductivity of the leads does not destroy the Kondo correlations on the quantum dot when the Kondo temperature, which varies for different single-electron states, exceeds the superconducting gap energy.
Comment: full paper including figures at: http://www.unibas.ch/phys-meso/Research/Papers/2004/Kondo-4shell-SWNT.pdf
Comment: New title, refined analysis. 7 pages, 3 figures, to be published in Europhysics Letters
In this letter we present an experimental realization of the quantum mechanics textbook example of two interacting electronic quantum states that hybridize forming a molecular state. In our particular realization, the quantum states themselves are fabricated as quantum dots in a molecule, a carbon nanotube. For sufficient quantum-mechanical interaction (tunnel coupling) between the two quantum states, the molecular wavefunction is a superposition of the two isolated (dot) wavefunctions. As a result, the electron becomes delocalized and a covalent bond forms. In this work, we show that electrical transport can be used as a sensitive probe to measure the relative weight of the two components in the superposition state as a function of the gate-voltages. For the field of carbon nanotube double quantum dots, the findings represent ...
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