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We present a Question-Answering (QA) system for Por- tuguese juridical documents. The QA system was applied to the complete set of deci- sions from several Portuguese juridical institutions (Supreme Courts, High Court, Courts, and Attorney-General’s Office) in a total of 180,000 documents.
Topics covered include connections preferences, deontic logic and contrary-to-duties, the use of input/output logic, the study of norm dynamics, models of agents and institutions, argumentation, compliance, and various alternative analyses of deontic notions.
L'insieme di norme che sovrintendono al governo dell'informatica (vale a dire i principi e le regole che l'ordinamento dedica alla disciplina dei fenomeni informatici e telematici) ha conosciuto uno sviluppo accelerato, di pari passo con il rapido imporsi della Società dell'informazione e con la sua incessante evoluzione. Il diritto dell'informatica costituisce così oggi un corpus normativo di rilevante entità e complessità, che va assumendo via via sempre più importanza. In questo dinamico contesto, il presente volume introduce ai principali temi del diritto dell'informatica, quali il governo di Internet, il documento informatico e le firme elettroniche, il contratto telematico e il commercio elettronico, la tutela della privacy e la disciplina delle misure di sicurezza, il diritto d'autore nella società dell'informazione e la protezi...
-- Prefazioni di M.A. Biasiotti, E. Sirsi, G.L. Ferrari. -– 1 Diritto e nuove tecnologie nella società dell’informazione. -– 2 Tecnologie al servizio del giurista. -– 3 Il dato informatico. -– 4 Il dato giuridico. -– 5 Ricerca dell’informazione giuridica con strumenti elettronici. -– 6 L’informazione giuridica nella Rete. -– 7 Le applicazioni dell’informatica nel settore giuridico. -– Bibliografia
The present contribution analyses the connection between privacy and trust, with regard to data protection. In particular, it shows how the need to facilitate trust-based relationships may justify some limitations of privacy (in the sense of a right to self-determination over personal data), but may also provide some grounds for the protection of privacy.
I shall argue that the concept of (valid) law is a purely normative notion, irreducible to any factual description. This uncontroversial notion, which is shared by all approaching the law from the internal point of view, needs to be distinguished from the competing theories on the grounds of legal bindingness, namely, on the reasons for qualifying a norm as legally valid. I shall consider some implications of this distinction for legal reasoning and for the role of the jurist.
I shall compare two views of legal concepts: as nodes in inferential nets and as categories in an ontology (a conceptual architecture). Firstly, I shall introduce the inferential approach, consider its implications, and distinguish the mere possession of an inferentially defined concept from its endorsement, which also involves the acceptance of the concept’s constitutive inferences. For making this distinction, I shall combine the inferential and eliminative analysis of legal concepts proposed by Alf Ross with the views of theoretical concepts in science advanced by Frank Ramsey and Rudolf Carnap. Then, I shall consider how concepts can be characterised by defining the corresponding terms and placing them within an ontology. Finally, I shall argue that there is a tension between the inferential and the ontological approach, but that b...
I will argue that the concept of (valid) law is a normative notion, irreducible to any factual description. Its conceptual function is that of relating certain (alternative sets of) properties a norm may possess to the conclusion that the norm is legally binding, namely, that it deserves to be endorsed and applied in legal reasoning. Legal validity has to be distinguished from other, more demanding, normative ideas, such as moral bindingness or legal optimality.
The legal nature of digital agents is considered, and it is argued that it is possible to attribute to such artificial entities intentional (mental) states that are legally relevant. Consequently we may recognise their legal capacity to act as representative of their users, and the users’ power to delegate them the performance of cognitive tasks. The implications in various areas of the law is then discussed.
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