Type

Database

Creator

Date

Thumbnail

Search results

127 records were found.

The need for a clean and sustainable energy supply in the transportation sector have prompted electric vehicles as one of the options to reduce fossil fuel dependency and greenhouse gases emissions. Furthermore, electric vehicles are seen as enablers of the storage capacity of electric grids. In this context, the reasobnable energy density and cyclability reached by lithium-ion batteries based on inorganic cathodes have placed them in considerable advantage regarding energy conversation and storage [1, 2]. For higher energy density, lower cost and more environmentally acceptable batteries research efforts are presently focus on organic-based electrodes as a new approach to conventional inorganic cathodes. [3]. In his work, we carried out the development of a derivative of polymide (PI) for use as electrochemically active cathode mat...
A two-dimensional, non-isothermal and dynamic model was developed to describe a sodium borohydride/hydrogen reactor for stationary use. All relevant transport phenomena were treated in detail and the kinetic model developed previously by the authors was introduced into the algorithm. In this paper the reactive solution was modelled as a two phase flow; with this approach the impact of the hydrogen production on the solution stirring could be observed and quantified. Results showed that not all ruthenium deposited on the nickel foam was used efficiently as catalyst. In fact, most of the reaction occurred in the surface of the catalyst foam and around 70% of the deposited catalyst was not used. The influence of the catalyst foam position in the solution and the design of the perforated plastic support were analysed in order to find the o...
Layered Double Hydroxides (LDHμs), represented by the general formula [MII (1-x)MIIIx(OH)2[An-x/n].zH2O or [MIMIII2(OH)6[An-1/n].zH2O], where MI, MII, MIII are mono-, di- and tri-valent metal cations, are being researched as anion-exchange materials which interesting intercalation chemistry that accommodate a wide range of applications from heterogeneous catalysis to storage and subsequent controlled release of bioactive agents. In this work, layered double hydroxides containing a monovalent (Li+) and trivalent (Al3+) matrix cations, have been synthesized and characterised using X-ray diffraction, FTIR and SEM. LDHμs were prepared by a simple co-precipitation method using metal hydroxides and metal salts in an alkaline solution. Hybrid systems are produced by intercalation which involves a guest molecule introduced into the host struc...
Layered double hydroxides represented by the general formula [M2 2+M3+(OH)6]+X1/n n-.zH2O are being researched as anion-exchange materials with interesting intercalation chemistry that accommodate a wide range of applications, including corrosion resistance. In this work, it is shown that the formation of layered double hydroxides (LDHs) on the surface of copper-rich Al alloys promotes corrosion resistance. For that purpose a LDH of the type [M+M3+ 2(OH)6[An- 1/n].zH2O], where the intercalated cation is mono-valent Lithium is studied. In Aluminium 2024-T3 or Al-Li 8090, corrosion inhibition was achieved as a result of the formation of a LDH film: Al2Li(OH)7.2H2O or Al2Li(OH)62CO3.zH2O according to the precursor solution used. LDHś covered the entire surface of the mentioned alloys, mitigating the galvanic action between the matrix and ...
With an increase in renewable energies penetration and a market potential for the introduction of hydrogen into stand-alone energy systems, aspects related with the immaturity of some of the technologies which integrate the hydrogen sub-system, represent important unresolved technical issues, entailing unavailable components or availability at high costs. As a consequence, there is a growing initiative in the development and implementation of such a systems, that may demonstrate improved energy efficiency, response time, and safety in the storage option looking for an increase in the energy round-trip efficiency of the hydrogen subsystem. In this work, a novel demonstration of a Hydrogen Weekend Bungalow powered as a standalone renewable hydrogen energy system is presented. The main system components are: 1.25 kW PV Solar Panel with D...
In this paper a power management strategy is presented for a stand-alone photovoltaic (PV)/fuel cell (FC) energy system. PV is the primary power source of the system and an FC-electrolyzer combination is used as a backup and a long-term storage system. The energy in the hybrid system is balanced by the common dc bus voltage regulation. A simple hysteresis voltage control is used for dc bus voltage regulation. In this way, the fuel cell and the electrolyzer can be protected from unnecessary utilization or irregular operation (reduction of frequent start-ups and shutdowns). Simulation results obtained using Matlab and Simulink are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed control algorithm.
Hydrogen, as an energy storage medium, is considered a promising solution to overcome the limitation of intermittent renewable energy sources. In this paper, a residential scale solar-hydrogen based stand-alone energy system is designed, modelled and the simulated system performance under real end-use load, representative of standard European domestic electrical energy consumption, and meteorological conditions is analyzed. The sun is the primary energy source of the system and a fuel cell-electrolyzer combination is used as a backup and a long-term storage system. A battery bank is also used as energy buffer and for short time storage. Matlab/Simulink® is used for the overall system modelling and simulation. The results show that the designed solar-hydrogen system is in principle capable of operating autonomously and in a sustainable ...
In this work, the degradation caused by polarity reversal by fuel starvation of a 16 MEA (membrane-electrode assembly) – low power PEM fuel cell is reported. Measuring of the potential of individual cells, while on load, was found instrumental in the location of affected cells which revealed very low or even negative potential. Ex-situ analysis of MEA, after irreversible degradation by fuel starvation, gave as a result delamination of catalyst layers with impacts on fuel cell performance such as development of flooded areas (in the created gaps by membrane separation) increasing the resistance of reactant transport to the catalyst sites. Striking thickness variations of the anode layers as well as carbon corrosion were found. Also, the proton exchange membrane was found to be affected by fluoride depletion.
This work reports the synthesis and characterization of phosphonate-, hydroxybisphosphonate- and aminobisphosphonatebenzimidazole derivatives substituted at N-1 position and new regioisomers phosphonateand aminobisphosphonatebenzotriazole derivatives substituted at N-1 or N-2 positions. The compounds were characterized by NMR, IR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry (low and high resolution) allowing the assignment of their structure, including the identification of regioisomers. These azoles will be precursors of mesoporous silica host to produce novel membranes materials with high proton conductivity for intermediate temperature PEMFCs.
Want to know more?If you want to know more about this cutting edge product, or schedule a demonstration on your own organisation, please feel free to contact us or read the available documentation at http://www.keep.pt/produtos/retrievo/?lang=en