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The addition of carbon to samples, during imaging, presents a barrier to accurate TEM analysis, the controlled deposition of hydrocarbons by a focused electron beam can be a useful technique for local nanometer-scale sculpting of material. Here we use hydrocarbon deposition to form nanopores from larger focused ion beam (FIB) holes in silicon nitride membranes. Using this method, we close 100-200nm diameter holes to diameters of 10nm and below, with deposition rates of 0.6nm per minute. I-V characteristics of electrolytic flow through these nanopores agree quantitatively with a one dimensional model at all examined salt concentrations.
In this work we discuss how to use photophysical information for improved quantitative measurements using Photo Activated Localization Microscopy (PALM) imaging. We introduce a method that reliably estimates the number of photoblinking molecules present in a biological sample and gives a robust way to quantify proteins at the single-cell level from PALM images. We apply this method to determine the amount of beta 2 adrenergic receptor, a prototypical G Protein Coupled Receptor, expressed on the plasma membrane of HeLa cells.
The atomic force microscopy in ultrahigh vacuum and at low temperature demonstrated its excellent capability to reach atomic resolution. Nevertheless in the case of biological samples high resolution has been achieved only in very few cases. We demonstrated here the importance of the appropriate choice of probes and substrates in order to image DNA at low temperature with high resolution. We investigated properties of three types of cantilevers and they were studied by scanning electron microscopy as a function of temperature. A large bending of cantilevers, which were coated from both sides, was observed at low temperatures. Therefore uncoated cantilevers pare strongly recommended for low temperature applications. Different methods for immobilization of DNA on the substrate are examined at low temperatures. First images of linear DNA ...
We used AFM to investigate the interaction of polyelectrolytes such as ssDNA and dsDNA molecules with graphene as a substrate. Graphene is an appropriate substrate due to its planarity, relatively large surfaces that are detectable via an optical microscope, and straightforward identification of the number of layers. We observe that in the absence of the screening ions deposited ssDNA will bind only to the graphene and not to the SiO2 substrate, confirming that the binding energy is mainly due to the pi-pi stacking interaction. Furthermore, deposited ssDNA will map the graphene underlying structure. We also quantify the pi-pi stacking interaction by correlating the amount of deposited DNA with the graphene layer thickness. Our findings agree with reported electrostatic force microscopy (EFM) measurements. Finally, we inspected the suit...
Devices have been fabricated based on the bilayer manganite La1.4Sr1.6Mn2O7, which in the bulk state orders magnetically below 90 K, at which point both in-plane and c-axis bulk resistivity decrease by 2-3 orders of magnitude. We provide an optimized procedure to fabricate devices to electrical transport in- and out of plane. Fabricated mesoscopic devices have dimensions comparable to a typical magnetic domain, allowing us to study structures going from a single domain to several domains.
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