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What happens to spin-polarised electrons when they enter a superconductor? Superconductors at equilibrium and at finite temperature contain both paired particles (of opposite spin) in the condensate phase as well as unpaired, spin-randomised quasiparticles. Injecting spin-polarised electrons into a superconductor thus creates both spin and charge imbalances [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7] (respectively Q* and S*, cf. Ref. [4]). These must relax when the injection stops, but not necessarily over the same time (or length) scale as spin relaxation requires spin-dependent interactions while charge relaxation does not. These different relaxation times can be probed by creating a dynamic equilibrium between continuous injection and relaxation, which leads to constant-in-time spin and charge imbalances. These scale with their respective relaxation ti...
Comment: 10 pp., 5 fig. cond-mat/0606258 was split into two papers to clarify their separate stories. cond-mat/0606258v2 treats the effect of C60 intercalation on transport in nanotubes. 0704.3641 is on Kondo physics in a nanotube in B-field. We now note: the splitting of Kondo resonances with B-field is sub-linear at low field, in qualitative agreement with theories
Comment: 9 pages, 4 figures. This is one of two manuscripts replacing the one orginally submitted as arXiv:cond-mat/0606258. The other one is arXiv:0704.3641 [cond-mat]
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