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Once that the focal plane of the HFI instrument of the Planck mission (launched in May 2009) has reached operational temperature, we have observed the thermal effect of cosmic ray interaction with the Planck satellite, located at Lagrangian point L2. When a particle hits a component of the bolometers (e.g.: thermometer, grid or wafer) composing the focal plane of HFI, a thermal spike (called glitch), due to deposited energy, is observed. Processing these data revealed another effect due to high energy cosmic ray particle showers: High Coincidence Events (HCE), composed of glitches occurring coincidentally in many detectors and with a temperature increase from nK to μ K after the shower. A flux of about 100 HCE per hour has been calculated. Two types of HCE have been detected: fast and slow. For the first type, the untouched bolometers ...
The Planck High Frequency Instrument (HFI) has been surveying the sky continuously from the second Lagrangian point (L2) between August 2009 and January 2012. It operates with 52 high impedance bolometers cooled at 100 mKaaOnce that the focal plane of the HFI instrument of the Planck mission (launched in May 2009) has reached operational temperature, we have observed the thermal effect of cosmic ray interactionwith the Planck satellite, located at Lagrangian point L2.When a particle hits a component of the bolometers (e.g.: thermometer, grid or wafer) composing the focal plane of HFI, a thermal spike (called glitch), due to deposited energy, is observed. Processing these data revealed another effect due to high energy cosmic ray particle showers: High Coincidence Events (HCE), composed of glitches occurring coincidentally in many detec...
CMB experiments aiming at a precise measurement of the CMB polarization, such as the Planck satellite, need a strong polarized absolute calibrator on the sky in order to accurately set the detectors polarization angle and the cross-polarization leakage. The Crab Nebula, as the most intense polarized source in the microwave sky at angular scales of few arcminutes, will be used for this purpose. Our goal was to measure the Crab nebula polarization characteristics at 90 GHz with an unprecedented precision. The observations were carried out with the IRAM 30m telescope employing the correlation polarimeter XPOL and using two orthogonally polarized receivers. We have processed the Stokes I, Q and U maps from our observations in order to compute the polarization angle and linear polarization fraction. The first is almost constant in the regio...
Comment: 7 pages, 4 figures, accepted for publication in Advances in Space Research (proceedings of the COSPAR 2004 Assembly, Paris)
Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, to appear in proceedings of the SF2A 2004 conference, Paris
Comment: To appear in 'The Universe as seen by ISO', eds. P. Cox and M.F. Kessler, 1998, UNESCO, Paris, ESA Special Publications series (SP-427). 12 pages, 4 figures, special macros iso98.sty and twocolumn.sty
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