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On December 13, 2001, the 107th Congress authorized a round of base realignment and closure (BRAC) for 2005. This policy decision was preceded by years of political dispute and dialogue between Congress and the executive branch. Much of this debate centered on the Clinton Administration's privatization-in-place of two bases scheduled for closure by the 1995 BRAC Commission and the dispute over estimated BRAC costs and savings. After painstaking compromise and a national security crisis, reformed BRAC legislation was passed, balancing political leadership and national strategy with job loss and disruption to local communities. A comprehensive analysis of journal articles, books, relevant congressional records, government reports, and legislation identifies the variables that explain Congress's decision to amend the Defense Base Closure ...
Consensus rules Decisive families Triad neutrality Weak independence
In the case of two alternatives, elementary counting techniques are used to determine the number of aggregation rules that satisfy anonymity and neutrality.
Let [beta] be a positive integer and let E be a finite nonempty set. A closed [beta]-system of sets on E is a collection H of subsets of E such that A[set membership, variant]H implies A>=[beta], E[set membership, variant]H, and A[intersection]B[set membership, variant]H whenever A,B[set membership, variant]H with A[intersection]B>=[beta]. If is a class of closed [beta]-systems of sets and n is a positive integer, then is a consensus method. In this paper we study consensus methods that satisfy a structure preserving condition called removal independence. The basic idea behind removal independence is that if two input profiles P,P* in agree when restricted to a subset A of E, then their consensus outputs C(P),C(P*) agree when restricted to A. By working with the axiom of removal independence and classes of closed [beta]-systems of sets...
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