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The paper advocates the use of a statistical tool dedicated to the exploration of data samples populated by several sources of events. This new technique, called sPlot, is able to unfold the contributions of the different sources to the distribution of a data sample in a given variable. The sPlot tool applies in the context of a Likelihood fit which is performed on the data sample to determine the yields of the various sources.
The Standard Model constraints on alpha which can be derived from the B-> pipi decays are revisited in some depth. As experimental inputs, the three branching ratios, the two CP parameters Spipi and Cpipi and/or the value of alpha as determined by the global CKM fit are used. The constraints discussed here are model independent in the sense that they rely only on Isospin symmetry, following the Gronau-London proposal. A new bound on B00 and the function C00(B00) are introduced. The Grossman-Quinn bound is rediscussed. A close form expression is given for alpha as a function of the measurements. Various scenarii for the future of the isospin analysis are explored. To probe the Standard Model the (B00,C00) plane is introduced.
We discuss methods used to interpret the measurements of CP-asymmetry in B->pi+pi- within the framework of the Standard Model. Interpretations using various theoretical inputs are given, ranging from the rather general, yet unpredictive, properties based on strong isospin symmetry to highly predictive calculations using QCD Factorization. The calculations are performed using the software package CKMFitter and a frequentist method, Rfit.
Comment: Final version accepted for publication in EPJ C, updated results and plots are available at: http://ckmfitter.in2p3.fr or http://www.slac.stanford.edu/xorg/ckmfitter/ (mirror)
The BABAR detector operated successfully at the PEP-II asymmetric e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory from 1999 to 2008. This report covers upgrades, operation, and performance of the collider and the detector systems, as well as the trigger, online and offline computing, and aspects of event reconstruction since the beginning of data taking.
A new type of ring-imaging Cherenkov detector is being used for hadronic particle identification in the BABAR experiment at the SLAC B Factory (PEP-II). This detector is called DIRC, an acronym for Detection of Internally Reflected Cherenkov (Light). This paper will discuss the construction, operation and performance of the BABAR DIRC in detail.
We present a measurement of the average multiplicity of $\phi$ mesons in $B^0$, $\kern 0.18em\bar{\kern -0.18em B}{}^0$ and $B^\pm$ meson decays. Using $17.6 fb^{-1}$ of data taken at the $\Upsilon{(4S)}\xspace$ resonance by the {\slshape B\kern-0.1em{\smaller A}\kern-0.1em B\kern-0.1em{\smaller A\kern-0.2em R}} detector at the PEP-II $e^+e^-\xspace$ storage ring at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, we reconstruct $\phi$ mesons in the $K^+K^-$ decay mode and measure ${\cal{B}}(B\to \phi X) = (3.41\pm0.06\pm0.12)%$. This is significantly more precise than any previous measurement.
We present a study of the decay B- -> D*0 K*- based on a sample of 86 million Upsilon(4S) -> BBbar decays collected between 1999 and 2002 with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B-Factory at SLAC. We measure the branching fraction B(B- -> D*0 K*-) = 8.3 +/- 1.1 (stat)} +/- 1.0 (syst) x 10e-4, and the fraction of longitudinal polarization in this decay to be GammaL/Gamma = 0.86 +/- 0.06 +/- (stat) +/- 0.03 (syst).
We present evidence for the flavor-changing neutral current decay $B\to K^*\ell^+\ell^-$ and a measurement of the branching fraction for the related process $B\to K\ell^+\ell^-$, where $\ell^+\ell^-$ is either an $e^+e^-$ or $\mu^+\mu^-$ pair. These decays are highly suppressed in the Standard Model, and they are sensitive to contributions from new particles in the intermediate state. The data sample comprises $123\times 10^6$ $\Upsilon(4S)\to B\bar{B}$ decays collected with the Babar detector at the PEP-II $e^+e^-$ storage ring. Averaging over $K^{(*)}$ isospin and lepton flavor, we obtain the branching fractions ${\mathcal B}(B\to K\ell^+\ell^-)=(0.65^{+0.14}_{-0.13}\pm 0.04)\times 10^{-6}$ and ${\mathcal B}(B\to K^*\ell^+\ell^-)=(0.88^{+0.33}_{-0.29}\pm 0.10)\times 10^{-6}$, where the uncertainties are statistical and systematic, re...
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