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Neste relatório de estágio damos conta da nossa integração e actividades desenvolvidas e, mais especificamente, relativa ao projeto final da cadeira empilhavel denominada CG Chair. O estágio desenvolveu-se na empresa de mobiliário escolar e de escritório VS - Vereinigte Spezialmobelfabriken GmbH Co. KG, em Tauberbischöfsheim - Alemanha. É uma empresa que existe há 114 anos, domina o mercado mobiliário escolar na Europa e está a investir ainda no mobiliário para escritório. Iniciamos o estágio em Maio e terminamos em Agosto de 2012. No briefing foi-nos pedido para desenvolvermos uma nova interpretação das cadeiras LupoGlide e BasicGlide. Uma característica central do pedido consistiu em garantir um Design contemporâneo associado a uma boa qualidade de empilhamento numa cadeira ajustável aos divers...
INTRODUCTION: Children spend a significant time of their days indoors, making it more susceptible to respiratory problems. Studies evaluating the relations between individual exposure to indoor pollutants and airways behavior are scarce. The evaluation of metabolites of nitric oxide (NO), namely nitrates (NO3-) in exhaled breath condensate (EBC), is a good biomarker of airways inflammation. Objective: Evaluate the relationship between the NO3- concentration in EBC of children attending children day care centers and total volatile organic compounds (VOCs) assessed on those institutions. METHODOLOGY: At the 2nd phase of ENVIRH project, samplings of EBC were collected, using a disposable device (RTube), from a group of children in preschool age, attending day care centers within the city of Lisbon. After sampling collection, the samples w...
This paper describes field measurements of indoor air quality (IAQ) parameters, performed in 19 Portuguese Children Day Care Centers (CDCC) during the springtime of 2011 and aims to characterize the indoor environment. The results demonstrate an association between carbon dioxide and bacterial concentrations, which in turn are affected by the number of children present in each classroom. Indoor PM10 concentrations were higher than outdoor levels (I/O ratio>1) and was also found statistically significant association between PM10 concentrations and the type of floor covering materials. These results provide evidence that IAQ is inadequate and, as a consequence, human source contaminants such as bacteria and carbon dioxide accumulate indoors. This study suggests that it is necessary to improve ventilation in order to achieve a healthie...
Muitas crianças com idade inferior a 6 anos apresentam sibilância no decurso de infecções respiratórias. O projecto ENVIRH tem como parte integrante dos seus objectivos identificar factores de risco para sibilância relacionados com as características construtivas / qualidade do ar interior das creches e infantários. Métodos: No âmbito do Projecto ENVIRH foram seleccionadas aleatoriamente 46 Instituições Particulares de Solidariedade Social (IPSS) das cidades de Lisboa e Porto, estratificadas por freguesia e número de alunos. As escolas seleccionadas corresponderam a metade das IPSS destas duas cidades. Em Outubro de 2010 foi entregue aos pais de todas as crianças uma versão resumida do questionário do estudo ISAAC (n=5161). Efectuou-se no mesmo período uma avaliação sumária das características construtivas e da qualidade do ar de todas...
Introduction: Data about drug allergy prevalence in the general population, particularly in children, are lacking. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of parent-reported drug allergy, in children attending day care centers in Lisbon and Oporto.Material and Methods: In Phase II of the “ENVIRH study – Environment and Health in Children Day Care Centers”, a health questionnaire which included questions about drug allergies was administered to children by stratified, random sampling of day care centers.Results: The final analysis included 1,169 questionnaires, 52.5% from boys. The mean age was 3.5 ± 1.5 years. The prevalence of reported drug allergy was 4.1% (95% CI: 3.0 - 5.2%). The most frequently reported drugs were antibiotics (27 cases) and NSAIDs (in 6 cases). In the multivariate analysis, reported drug allergy was directly a...
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