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A method is described for studying theoretically the concentration fluctuations of a dilute contaminate undergoing a first-order chemical reaction. The method is based on Deissler's (1958) theory for homogeneous turbulence for times before the final period, and it follows the approach used by Loeffler and Deissler (1961) to study temperature fluctuations in homogeneous turbulence. Four-point correlation equations are obtained; it is assumed that terms containing fifth-order correlation are very small in comparison with those containing fourth-order correlations, and can therefore be neglected. A spectrum equation is obtained in a form which can be solved numerically, yielding the decay law for the concentration fluctuations in homogeneous turbulence for the period much before the final period of decay.
From a screen of M2 seedlings derived from gamma-mutagenesis of seeds doubly null for phytochromes phyA and phyB, we isolated a mutant lacking phyE. The PHYE gene of the selected mutant, phyE-1, was found to contain a 1-bp deletion at a position equivalent to codon 726, which is predicted to result in a premature stop at codon 739. Immunoblot analysis showed that the phyE protein was undetectable in the phyE-1 mutant. In the phyA- and phyB-deficient background, phyE deficiency led to early flowering, elongation of internodes between adjacent rosette leaves, and reduced petiole elongation. This is a phenocopy of the response of phyA phyB seedlings to end-of-day far-red light treatments. Furthermore, a phyE deficiency attenuated the responses of phyA phyB seedlings to end-of-day far-red light treatments. Monogenic phyE mutants were indis...
Comment: figures made smaller so download works. Revised, including new data. Related papers at http://www.stanford.edu/group/MarcusLab/grouppubs.html
The genomic action of calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D3) is mediated through the interaction of the calcitriol receptor (VDR) with vitamin D response elements (VDREs). Although renal failure is associated with resistance to the action of calcitriol, the mechanism of this resistance is not well understood. Therefore, we used the electrophoretic mobility shift assay to compare the ability of VDRs from normal and renal failure rats to bind to the osteocalcin gene VDRE. The results indicate that VDRs from renal failure rats have only half the DNA binding capacity as VDRs from control rats, despite identical calcitriol binding. Furthermore, incubation of normal VDRs with a uremic plasma ultrafiltrate resulted in a loss of > 50% of the binding sites for the osteocalcin VDRE. When VDRs bound to DNA as heterodimers with retinoid X receptor...
Comment: Includes new reference to related theoretical work, cond-mat/0010064. Other minor changes. Related papers at http://marcuslab.harvard.edu
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