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Comment: 16 pages, 6 figures, submitted to Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Comment: 21 pages, 7 figures, submitted to Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter
The Tomonaga--Luttinger parameter $K_{\rho}$ determines the critical behavior in quasi one-dimensional correlated electron systems, e.g., the exponent $\alpha$ for the density of states near the Fermi energy. We use the numerical density-matrix renormalization group method to calculate $K_{\rho}$ from the slope of the density-density correlation function in momentum space at zero wave vector. We check the accuracy of our new approach against exact results for the Hubbard and XXZ Heisenberg models. We determine $K_{\rho}$ in the phase diagram of the extended Hubbard model at quarter filling, $n_{\rm c}=1/2$, and confirm the bosonization results $K_{\rho}=n_{\rm c}^2=1/4$ on the critical line and $K_{\rho}^{\rm CDW}=n_{\rm c}^2/2=1/8$ at infinitesimal doping of the charge-density-wave (CDW) insulator for all interaction strengths. The ...
Comment: 18 pages, 6 figures, submitted to J. Phys.:Condens. Matter
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