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We develop a theory of the electronic structure and photophysics of interacting chains of $\pi$-conjugated polymers to understand the differences between solutions and films. While photoexcitation generates only the exciton in solutions, the optical exciton as well as weakly allowed excimers are generated in films. Photoinduced absorption in films is primarily from the lowest excimer. We are also able to explain peculiarities associated with photoluminescence, including delayed photoluminescence and its quenching by electric field.
We describe both pi-conjugated polymers and semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotubes because of the remarkable similarities in their behavior under photoexcitation. The common themes between these two seemingly different classes of materials are pi-conjugation, quasi one-dimensionality, and strong Coulomb interactions. Theoretical understanding of both systems requires going beyond traditional band theory. We present our current understanding of the electronic structures and excited state absorptions in both systems within a common theoretical model. Our aim is to give physical interpretations of experiments that have been performed and to give guidance to future experimental work.
Comment: 9 pages, 2 tables, 4 figures
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