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High-power batteries with long cycling life and adequate storage behaviour are needed as energy sources devices for (hybrid) electric vehicles and lithium-ion rechargeable cells are the most promising candidates. In this work, Li-ion cells with a nominal capacity of 10 Ah were studied. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) was used for studying the cycling ageing effect on discharge capacity fade. EIS measurements were conducted in a galvanostatic mode, by means of a Solartron Electrochemical Interface 1286 and a Solartron FRA 1250 controlled by Zplot from Scribner Associates. Scanning frequency ranged from 600 Hz to 0.005 Hz and the ac amplitude was set to 100 mA. An equivalent circuit complex non-linear least squares fitting procedure was used for spectra analyses. Cell charge transfer and film resistances were estimated at se...
Road traffic is one of the transportation sectors with faster growth due to the of vehicle fleets increase and a strong investment in road infrastructure and also one of the most important emitters of greenhouse gases (GHGs).With introduction, in this sector, of a new renewable fuel, like hydrogen, a reduction of the reported pollutant is foreseen. In this work, an analysis of the environmental benefits resulting from the introduction of hydrogen on road transport in Portugal is made. Impact is analyzed mainly looking at the pollutant emissions provided by road transport at the point of use. The software chosen to calculate the emissions associated to road transport is the COPERT program (version IV) since it provides a detailed methodology for each specific pollutant related to the vehicle fleet of a region or country, as well as the ...
Road traffic is one of the transportation sectors with faster growth and also one of the most important emitters of greenhouse gases (GHGs). In this work, an analysis of the environmental benefits resulting from the introduction of hydrogen on road transport in Portugal is made. Impact is analyzed mainly looking at the pollutant emissions provided by road transport at the point of use. Emissions associated to road transport have been estimated using the software COPERT (version 4), since it provides a detailed methodology for each specific pollutant related to the vehicle fleet of a region or country, as well as the driving conditions and fuel consumption. Passenger cars, light duty vehicles and public transport buses are the vehicles categories in which the hydrogen technology is foreseen. The hydrogen penetration rates (moderate and ...
Road traffic is one of the transportation sectors with faster growth and also one of the most important emitters of greenhouse gases (GHGs). In this work, an analysis of the environmental benefits resulting from the introduction of hydrogen on road transport in Portugal is made. Impact is analyzed mainly looking at the pollutant emissions provided by road transport at the point of use. Emissions associated to road transport have been estimated using the software COPERT (version 4), since it provides a detailed methodology for each specific pollutant related to the vehicle fleet of a region or country, as well as the driving conditions and fuel consumption. Passenger cars, light duty vehicles and public transport buses are the vehicles categories in which the hydrogen technology is foreseen. The hydrogen penetration rates (moderate and ...
In this paper are presented, the recent advances of a demonstration project that focuses on the implementation of a hybrid system for a wheel chair incorporating a fuel cell and a metal hydride hydrogen storage system. Advantages regarding weight reduction and greater autonomy are emphasized, apart from the use of clean energy and the drastic reduction in charging time, when compared with the system before conversion.
O reconhecimento do potencial da energia eólica como fonte de electricidade limpa e de baixo custo, tem criado a necessidade de reavaliar materiais candidatos a integrar em estruturas para a medição da velocidade e direcção do vento. Neste trabalho, o comportamento electroquímico de aço galvanizado à quente utilizado em estruturas metálicas utilizadas para avaliar potencial eólico foi avaliado em ambientes contendo iões cloretos. Foi também conduzida uma análise de falha de componentes de estruturas de suporte de mastros anemométricos treliçados, convenientemente expostos à atmosfera. O potencial em circuito aberto de sistemas aço galvanizado/NaCl (soluções 10-3 a 10-1 M) foi medido durante tempos suficientemente longos para obter resultados significativos para a identificação de diferentes fases do processo corrosivo até se atingi...
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