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This study analyses the central argument of Operation Pan-America, initiative by Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek in May, 1958, in which he urged for economic aid from the United States to the countries of Latin America, and how it was used later in Brazilian diplomatic discourse. According to Kubitschek, cooperation on the part of the leader of the Free World to its fellow nations in the Western Hemisphere was needed, in order to assure that their political stability would not be affected by its economic underdevelopment and, as a result, risk that the power in these countries would fall in the hands of leaders with connections to the socialist bloc. Speeches by Brazilian Chiefs of State and Ministers of Foreign Affairs were studied, with special attention to those in which world views and objectives of Brazil in the internati...
States, in their international relations, must define action strategies, which can bring them closer or move them away from other states. In this sense, a state’s foreign policy denotes that state’s position towards a well-defined goal, which leads it to act internationally according to a rationally chosen strategy. The international relations of Brazil between 1902 and 1964 constitute an illustrative case. The Brazilian foreign policy evolved from a model in which the United States had a central role in promoting the country’s development to a universalistic model, initiated with the Política Externa Independente (Brazilian Independent Foreign Policy), which envisaged the strategy towards development not only in terms of Brazil’s relationship with the United States, but by diversifying the country’s possibilities of action in the inte...
This research aims to analyze the Brazil-Iraq relations, from 1973 to 2007. Although the social and cultural aspects are considered, emphases on economic and political are presented within this study. Firstly, it was argued that the Brazilian-Iraqi relations were strongly shaped by external factors and, in a lesser extent, by domestic realities of each country involved. In this sense, the consequences of the 1973 and the 1979 oil crisis combined with some basic characteristics of the Brazilian diplomacy led the two countries to a stronger relationship. The study analyzed the importance of Iraq’s trade to the Brazilian economy and the means used by Brazil to decrease the difference between the high degree of imports from Iraq in contrast with the low levels of Brazilian exports. Secondly, the research showed that the Iraqi oil became fu...
Esta tese tem por objetivo analisar a política externa brasileira no período pós- Guerra Fria, com relação à segurança internacional. Especificamente considerandose a vertente regional e as novas questões de segurança que se manifestam no seu entorno imediato. Neste sentido, avalia-se a importância das regiões para as relações internacionais contemporâneas, para tanto, examina-se o cenário de segurança sul-americano, seus atores, preocupações e prioridades e, em decorrência, os desafios que se colocam para o Brasil como ator relevante na América do Sul. O Brasil busca construir, por meio da união da América do Sul, convergências e respostas políticas à tendência de militarização da segurança na região Andina, a partir da implantação do Plano Colômbia. Dessa forma, atenta-se para as dinâmicas de segurança da região as quais, se por um l...
This thesis aims to evaluate the Brazilian project for regional integration of South American at overcoming asymmetries perspectives. Aims to investigate to what extent some of the key instruments proposed or supported by Brazil, namely the Structural Convergence and Institutional Modernization Fund of MERCOSUR - FOCEM, the initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America - IIRSA, and the regional operations of the Brazilian Development Bank - BNDES, have succeeded in incorporating the fight against asymmetries in its operation and what is the scope of their results. The research has shown that there are still significant gaps in these instruments, what did not imply the impossibility to reach significant results. Adjustments are made in the instruments as they are being implemented, so that the paths of integ...
The creation of a system or rules in the field of international trade was one of the cornerstones of the post-II World War order. There are numerous works about the issue, almost all highlighting the role of the United States, Britain and other strategic countries. Almost nothing is know about how developing countries acted in the building of this trading order. The object of this thesis is reduce this problem by presenting a narrative of how Brazil acted in the multilateral trading system negotiating process. The main actors in this process were industrialists, economists and diplomats. It is by examining them that is possible to understand how one of the most protectionist countries in the world managed to remain a contracting party of an agreement that jeopardized Br...
The present work aims at to identify the ruptures and continuities in the plan of the economical relations between Brazil and the United States of America. The fanned fundamental problem is to comprehend why the Brazil-United States relations, in the period among 1964 to 1969, maintain its understanding level and economic, financial and trade profile of flows even after an ideological change in the Brazilian foreign policy’s doctrinaire matrix in 1967, that shifted from a liberal-internationalist inclination to a conservative nationalist one. The central thesis assumes that, in spite of the ideological change in the doctrinaire matrix within the Brazilian foreign policy in 1967, the qualitative and quantitative continuity of the economical relations between Brazil and United States was determined by the shortage of internal resources i...
The objective of this thesis is to understand the building of an International Relations academic area in Brazil. The first institutional experience dates back to 1974 with the opening of the undergraduate program at University of Brasilia. However, it was not only from this initiative that International Relations knowledge began to be produced in the country. Accordingly, this study highlights the political, economic, social and cultural factors in which the area was founded, becoming institutionally autonomous and achieving significant growth by the 1990s. For this project, qualitative and quantitative methods were adopted based on the historical analytical approach.
Por cerca de meio século, as relações entre Brasil e Japão praticamente se resumiam à questão migratória e, mesmo nas duas primeiras décadas do pós-Segunda Guerra Mundial, quando essas relações tendiam à complexização e à intensificação, a imigração nipônica continuou a ser um assunto importante até o seu desaparecimento quase súbito no final dos anos sessenta. A presente dissertação tem como objetivo estudar a importância do tema da imigração japonesa para o Brasil na agenda bilateral nipo-brasileira em perspectiva histórica. Esse trabalho tem dois grandes focos: um sobre a imigração japonesa propriamente dita e as suas condicionantes e outro sobre os principais episódios e temas das relações nipo-brasileiras. O período abrangido pela pesquisa foi aquele em que a imigração era de fato um assunto substancial da agenda bilateral de Bra...
The main scope of the present research is to analyse the individuality of the Brazil- European Union relationship throughout the past fifty years, since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the country and the European Community back in the 1960s, until the context immediately subsequent to the institutionalisation of the strategic dialogue in July 2007. The research allows one to perceive how the “strategic partnership” (in itself, a multifaceted, intricate concept and yet in constant evolution) agreed between Brazil and the European Union was set in a context whereby Europe’s foreign policy objectives were undergoing a revision: they were beforehand built in a way to grant the European diplomats access to American continent as understood an one and indivisible whole. Brazil’s prominence as a key player in the i...
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