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Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, to appear in the proceedings of the XXXIXth Rencontres de Moriond (La Thuile, 2004) "Quantum information and decoherence in nanosystems"
Motion of electrons can influence their spins through a fundamental effect called spin-orbit interaction. This interaction provides a way to electrically control spins and as such lies at the foundation of spintronics. Even at the level of single electrons, spin-orbit interaction has proven promising for coherent spin rotations. Here we report a spin-orbit quantum bit implemented in an InAs nanowire, where spin-orbit interaction is so strong that spin and motion can no longer be separated. In this regime we realize fast qubit rotations and universal single qubit control using only electric fields. We enhance coherence by dynamically decoupling the qubit from the environment. Our qubits are individually addressable: they are hosted in single-electron quantum dots, each of which has a different Land\'e g-factor. The demonstration of a ...
We review the peculiarities of transport through a quantum dot caused by the spin transition in its ground state. Such transitions can be induced by a magnetic field. Tunneling of electrons between the dot and leads mixes the states belonging to the ground state manifold of the dot. Unlike the conventional Kondo effect, this mixing, which occurs only at the singlet-triplet transition point, involves both the orbital and spin degrees of freedom of the electrons. We present theoretical and experimental results that demonstrate the enhancement of the conductance through the dot at the transition point.
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