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Deze rede is in verkorte vorm uitgesproken op 3 februari 2012 bij gelegenheid van de openbare aanvaarding van de leerstoel ‘Bestuurskunde, in het bijzonder beleidsprocessen in de publieke sector, bij de opleiding Bestuurskunde van de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Complexe projecten worden gerealiseerd in een complexe omgeving. Dat maakt projecten nog complexer. Het negeren van die omgeving is geen optie. Want de omgeving wordt onder andere complex genoemd omdat deze zich tegen het project aan bemoeit. Een turbulente omgeving kan resulteren in late scopewijzigingen, hoogoplopende kosten, voortgaande discussies over nut en noodzaak zelfs tijdens de uitvoering, vertragingen en uitstel, soms zelfs afstel. Precies dat wat projectmanagement probeert te vermijden. De verwachtingen van omgevingsmanagement zijn dan ook hoog. Door de omgeving bij het project te betrekken en met de belangen van stakeholders rekening te houden wordt steun en vertrouwen opgebouwd, waardoor de projectrealisatie makkelijker verloopt. De inbreng van informatie en ideeën verrijkt de inhoud van het project: het resultaat kan zo...
Within public administration and policy sciences the concept of policy networks nowadays is well accepted. Not much attention has been paid so far to strategies aimed at institutional design. Therefore, in this article, we develop a conceptual framework to study institutional design more thoroughly. We do this by specifying the nature and variety of institutional rules that guide the behaviour of actors within networks. Given this categorization of rules, we identify possible strategies to change network rules. Next, we focus on the strategic context of attempts to influence the nature of institutional rules: the process of institutional design. We conclude with suggestions to apply the conceptual framework to empirical research into the forms, impacts and implications of attempts to change the institutional features of policy networks.
In this contribution, we provide a comparative analysis of the Dutch government’s attempts to realize private investments in three national railway mega-projects: the Betuwe Route, a dedicated freight railway line connecting the Rotterdam harbour to the German rail network, the High Speed Line (HSL South) between the Belgian border and Amsterdam and the Zuiderzee Line between Amsterdam and Groningen, for which a private consortium led by Siemens suggests the use of Maglev technology. The privatization of the first two railway lines was attempted for during the nineties and beginning of this decade. In June 2007 operation of the Betuwe Route began. To date, the government has not succeeded in involving private parties in the Betuwe Route. Although the privatization of the HSL South has partly been realized by engaging into a complex mix...
To counteract the environmental problems of the existing energy system, more sustainable technologies need to be developed and implemented on a large scale. Entrepreneurs play a crucial role in this, since their actions help turn the outcomes of R&D activities into commercial technological products. However, whether or not different types of actors (technology developers or adopters) are willing to act entrepreneurially is highly dependent on the uncertainties that these actors perceive with respect to the development of the emerging technology. The central aim of this thesis is to gain a better understanding of the role of perceived uncertainties in the development and implementation of emerging, more sustainable energy technologies. To analyse what types of uncertainty are dominant, a distinction is made between different sources of ...
The award criterion ‘Most Economically Advantageous Tender’ (MEAT) is increasingly applied to award tender contracts in the Dutch infrastructural sector. Because of this, contractors are requested to develop solutions themselves instead of executing fully specified works. Therefore, new opportunities arise to become competitive. This research explores opportunities to increase the competitiveness of BAM Infra, a major Dutch constructor. Among other things, they aim to distinguish at MEAT tenders on the field of sustainability. Based upon literature addressing competitiveness in the construction sector, insights into competitive factors are derived from two strategic theories – competitive positioning theory and resource-based view – and organizational learning. In addition, these factors are supplemented with empirical findings. By mea...
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