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Comment: 4 pages, 1 figure, SemiMag16 conference paper to be published in International Journal of Modern Physics B
We obtain the phase diagram of the half-filled two-dimensional Hubbard model on a square lattice in the presence of Einstein phonons. We find that the interplay between the instantaneous electron-electron repulsion and electron-phonon interaction leads to new phases. In particular, a d(x)(2)-y(2)-wave superconducting phase emerges when both anisotropic phonons and repulsive Hubbard interaction are present. For large electron-phonon couplings, charge-density-wave and s-wave superconducting regions also appear in the phase diagram, and the widths of these regions are strongly dependent on the phonon frequency, indicating that retardation effects play an important role. Since at half filling the Fermi surface is nested, a spin-density wave is recovered when the repulsive interaction dominates. W...
We study a mixture of fermionic and bosonic cold atoms on a two-dimensional optical lattice, where the fermions are prepared in two isospin states and the bosons have Bose-Einstein condensed. Number density fluctuations of the condensate form delocalized bosonic modes which couple to the fermionic atoms similarly to the electron-phonon coupling in crystals. We study the phase diagram for this system at fixed fermion density of one per site. We find that tuning of the lattice parameters and interaction strengths drives the system to undergo antiferromagnetic ordering, s-wave and d-wave pairing superconductivity, or a charge density-wave phase. We use functional renormalization group analysis where retardation effects are fully taken into account. We calculate response functions and also provide estimates of the energy gap associated wit...
Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures; to appear in the Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on High Magnetic Fields in Semiconductor Physics (SemiMag-16)
Comment: Discussion updated - 16 pages, 10 figures; version accepted for publication in Phys. Rev. B
Comment: minor corrections; 5 pages, 4 figures; version to be published in Physical Review Letters
We present exact analytical and numerical results for the electronic spectra and the Friedel oscillations around a substitutional impurity atom in a graphene lattice. A chemical dopant in graphene introduces changes in the on-site potential as well as in the hopping amplitude. We employ a T-matrix formalism and find that disorder in the hopping introduces additional interference terms around the impurity that can be understood in terms of bound, semi-bound, and unbound processes for the Dirac electrons. These interference effects can be detected by scanning tunneling microscopy.
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